14 Examples of Narrative Texts

Narrative texts are writings that narrate a succession of events, real or fictitious, that happen to one or several characters, at a certain time and place. Ultimately, they tell stories.

Below we will see examples of the main types of narrative texts.

1. novel

A novel is an extensive narration about events of a fictitious nature, in whose plot a series of characters participate, in a certain space and time.

The Great Gatsbyby Francis Scott Fitzgerald, 1925.

The silhouette of a cat moved unsteadily in the moonlight, and as I turned my head to look at it, I saw that I was not alone: ​​fifty feet away, a figure had emerged from the shadow of my neighbor’s mansion and standing with his hands in his pockets, he contemplated the silver pepper of the stars.

Something in the slowness of his movements and the certainty with which he planted his feet on the grass suggested to me that he was Mr. Gatsby, out to calculate his share of the local sky.

2. Folktale

Short and simple story about fabulous facts that aims to convey a lesson or moral.

The ugly Ducklingby Hans Christian Andersen, 1843.

The next day the weather was wonderful. The sun shone on the gigantic green leaves. The mother duck approached the moat with her whole family and, splat!, she jumped into the water. Quack, quack! she was calling. And one after another, the ducklings swooped after her.
The water closed over their heads, but then they floated back up magnificently. They moved their legs without the slightest effort, and soon they were all in the water. Even the ugly gray duckling swam with the others.

3. Literary story

Short narrative with a diverse theme that recounts a series of events, which may be real or fictional.

The haunted houseby Virginia Woolf, 1921.

The wind blows, silvery raindrops slide down the window. Our eyes darken; we don’t hear footsteps behind; we do not see any woman spread her ghostly cloak. He carries the flashlight. Look, he whispers, sound asleep. There is love on her lips ».

Leaning down, hefting the silver lamp over us, they stare at us for a long time. The wind blows strong; the sail tilts slightly. Wild moonbeams cross the floor and the wall and, colliding, illuminate the inclined faces; the brooding faces, the faces that seek the sleepers and their hidden happiness.

4. Story

A story is a narrative genre that, due to its extension, is between the story and the novel.

How much land does a man need?by Leo Tolstoy, 1883.

As soon as Pajóm and his family arrived at their new place of residence, he applied for admission to a large town commune. He dealt directly with the elders and obtained the necessary documents.

Five parcels of communal land were provided for him and his son to use, that is, 125 acres (not all together, but in different fields), in addition to the use of the communal pastures. Pajóm built the buildings he required and bought cattle. From the communal land alone he had three times as much as in his old house and the land was excellent for wheat.

5. Legend

The legend is a type of story that, through fantasy and local folklore, extols events that happened in a specific place and time.

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Chinese folk legend (anonymous).

Legend has it that panda bears once had snow-white fur. On one occasion, a baby panda went into a forest, away from its mother and his family, and ran into a huge cat that tried to devour it. A young shepherdess faced the beast and managed to save the calf, but she could not save herself.

The panda bears, full of sadness, attended the cremation of the young shepherdess. They dug their paws into the ashes as they tried to dry their tears and cover their ears so as not to hear the cries of the villagers. This is how their legs, eyes and ears gained the dark color that characterizes them.

6. Myth

Myths are stories featuring supernatural beings, such as gods or heroes, who served as an explanation for certain phenomena or events.

The Judgment of Paris (anonymous), is a popular myth of Greek mythology.

All the gods were invited to the weddings of Tethys and Peleus, except Eris, discord. As a sign of revenge, he threw a golden apple, on which the phrase “To the most beautiful” was read.
Hera, Athena and Aphrodite soon disputed the brilliant present.

They went to Mount Ida, where Paris tended his herds, to ask him to decide who should keep the apple of discord. Each goddess offered her a gift, Hera power, Athena wisdom, and Aphrodite the love of the woman she chose.

Paris opted for Aphrodite, to get the love of Helen of Sparta, separate her from her husband, Menelaus, and take her to Troy.
Helena’s kidnapping led to the landing of the Achaean army and the start of the Trojan War.

7. Fable

A fable is a narration of facts carried out by animals that provides the reader with moral lessons.

The fox and the maskof Aesop.

One day a fox entered a sculptor’s workshop and, after rummaging through all his things, came upon a theatrical mask, and raising it said: “Oh, what a beautiful head, but it has no brain!”

The fable fits the man extraordinary in body but lacking in judgment in his mind.

8. Epic

The epics are writings, usually in verse, that collect the exploits of a people.

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Mahabharataattributed to Viasa, is the most important epic written in Sanskrit in India.

I am Agni. I have been waiting for your coming for a long time. I have heard about you and I know that you are the only people who can make my dream come true.

I have been trying again and again to devour this huge forest of Khandava, but I have never succeeded. Lord Indra has a friend named Takshaka, who is the king of snakes, and this forest is his abode. So whenever I try to burn it, Indra makes a heavy rain fall and prevents me from carrying out my purpose.

9. Song of deeds

Epic narrative typical of the Middle Ages in which the adventures and exploits of local heroes are told.

Beowulfby an unknown author, is a medieval Anglo-Saxon manuscript.

The famous hero spoke his words;
Prince Wedra, warrior in his helmet,
thus he answered: “At the table of Híglak
seat we have; My name is Beowulf.
I will expose my project to your great sovereign,
Halfdan’s son, the noble lord,
if the egregious monarch gives us his permission
and benign consents that we enter to see him”.

Wúlfgar spoke—he was a nobleman of Vendel,
of all known his great courage,
his boldness and prudence—: “I will say your wish
To the Danish chieftain, to the noble Skildingo,
to the brave lord of the rings,
I will take your message to the egregious monarch;
the answer you get from the good sovereign
then you will know it from me at the moment”.

10. Literary essay

Essays are texts that deal with a certain topic in a subjective way and with a purpose, such as making your opinion known or influencing the opinion of the reader.

infinity in a rushby Irene Vallejo, 2019.

The modern artist has the obligation to be original; he must offer something new, never seen before. The more groundbreaking his work seems to be with respect to tradition and norms, the better reviews he will receive. Each creator tries to be a rebel in his own way, like everyone else.

We remain faithful to a set of romantic ideas: freedom is the oxygen of true artists, and the literature that matters to us is that which builds its own worlds, a language freed from conventions and unexplored ways of narrating.

11. Diary

A diary is a writing that captures the experiences lived by the author in the interval of a day.

excerpt from a diary(anonymous).

Thursday, May 28, 2015.

Like every morning, the strident sound of the alarm forces me to jump out of bed. I went for water to try to clarify my ideas, I had my coffee and my toast like every day, not knowing that this was not going to be just any day.

At the usual time I arrived at work, ready to face another day in that tedious place. My partner and his reluctance were late for a change. At 9:00 we had everything ready and the first customer walking through the door.

The morning was going on normally, until, shortly before noon, a person appeared at the door whose look made my blood run cold.

12. Chronicle

The chronicles collect a time line of events, that is, they narrate a succession of events chronologically.

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Fragment of a Chronicle(anonymous).

The trip begins with the meeting of the entire group at the international airport. Next to the billing counter, between handshakes, kisses and hugs, we introduced ourselves to the new members. As scheduled, at 20:30 local time, we were landing. The transfer to the hotel would have been quite quick, had it not been for the fact that the driver took the wrong exit off the highway.

The first day is spent getting to know the city, getting lost in its streets and corners, taking the opportunity to taste some local products and, of course, photographing ourselves next to the main monuments and buildings. The next day we had a three-hour trip ahead of us to visit an old abandoned city, which was located on top of a mountain.

13. News

News is a narrative about true events and of general interest.

News published in the newspaper Público, on May 12, 2022.

Cuba announces the end of the rescue tasks in the sinister Saratoga hotel.

The Cuban authorities announced this Thursday the end of the rescue efforts at the Saratoga, the Havana hotel that suffered an explosion last Friday.
The last part of the Ministry of Public Health (Minsap), this afternoon, maintained the number of injured in the accident at 98, of which only 16 remain hospitalized.
The accident, presumably due to a gas leak, caused serious damage to the building, with the collapse of a section of the building and the fall of half of the façade, as well as damage to 17 adjoining buildings.

14. Biography

The biography narrates the events that occurred throughout the life of the character it deals with.

Biography of Paula Rego, January 26, 1935-June 8, 2022.

Paula Rego was a Portuguese artist known for capturing controversial issues of social reality in her paintings and illustrations.
Born on January 26, 1935 in Lisbon, he lived his childhood and youth in a historical context marked by the military dictatorship of Salazar.

This climate of oppression greatly influenced his work.
She completed her higher studies at a prestigious London art school, where she met Victor Willing, whom she married.

See also:

  • Narrative text.
  • Literary text.
  • Types of texts.
  • types of novels
  • Examples of expository texts.


  • Cancino Peña, J.S. (2017). Narrative texts. University Foundation of the Andean Area.
  • I love. L. (2016). The personal diary in literature: theory of the literary diary. Castile. Literature Studies, (7), 273-306.