50 Examples of Natural, Positive, Current, Objective and Subjective Law

The law It is the set of principles and norms that govern a certain society. There are rights that are inherent to the human person (natural rights) and there are other rights that were created and regulated by the members of a society to maintain justice and public order (positive law). In addition, according to certain characteristics, the right can be valid, objective and subjective.

natural law

The natural law It is made up of the principles and attributes that every human being possesses by the mere fact of being a person. They are rights that have their foundation in the human condition. For example: right to physical and moral integrity, right to think and reason, right to life.

They are superior rights and prior to positive law. They are universal, immutable and constitute the basis of universal human rights. These rights rest on ethics and morality.

positive law

Positive law is one that human beings apply to establish rules of coexistence within a society. This right is established in laws, decrees, sanctions, regulations; legal norms that provide a framework of order, equality and justice in societies.

Positive law finds its foundation in natural law, it is typified and regulated according to each society. For example: right to recreation, right to a fair trial.

current law

A current right is a norm that is valid in a certain territory and time and whose compliance is mandatory. They are rights that are presented in writing and have a specific period of time of application. For example: penal code, customs duties.

This type of right is the one that adjusts to the advances and political, social and cultural changes of a certain society. The opposite of the current law is the repealed or abrogated right. Not all positive rights are valid.

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Objective and subjective right

The objective law is made up of rules that impose a certain behavior in a situation. They are obligations that must be respected. The State must ensure compliance and imposes penalties. For example: dright to prohibit seizing those assets that are not their own, right to private property.

The subjective right is made up of the faculties or powers that a certain person possesses within a scope, which allows him to act in the way he deems most convenient to meet his needs and interests. It is based on an agreement of conformity in which an action or omission is required of someone. It is a permission that derives from objective law. For example: copyright, commercial rights, contracts.

Both rights (subjective and objective) have a coexistence relationship. For example: While the objective right obliges the payment of debts; the subjective right is the one that protects the creditor when claiming the payment of said debt.

Examples of natural law

  1. right to eat
  2. Right to shelter
  3. Right to good treatment
  4. right to liberty
  5. Right to work
  6. Equality right
  7. Right to property
  8. Right to identity

Examples of Positive Law

  1. Right to public education
  2. Right to inclusion of children and adolescents with disabilities
  3. Right to privacy
  4. Right to nationality
  5. Right to a social order
  6. Right to freedom of ethical convictions, thought, conscience, religion and culture
  7. Right to freedom of expression and access to information
  8. Right to freedom of thought
  9. Right to private property
  10. Right to protection of private property
  11. Right to health protection and social security
  12. Right to protection of the individual
  13. Right to legal certainty and due process
  14. Right to life, survival and development
  15. Right not to be discriminated
  16. Right to take out insurance
  17. right to asylum
  18. Right to participate in government
  19. Right to a life free from violence and to personal integrity
  20. Right to live in conditions of well-being and a healthy integral development
  21. Right to live in family
  22. Right to rest and recreation
  23. Right of association and assembly
  24. Right to the presumption of innocence
  25. Right to recognition of legal personality
  26. Right of participation
  27. Right to circulate on public roads
  28. right of priority
  29. Rights of immigrant children and adolescents
  30. Right to protection by law
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Examples of current law

  1. Penal Code
  2. agrarian rights
  3. mining rights
  4. Civil Code
  5. labor regulations
  6. professional code of ethics
  7. procedural code
  8. Commercial Code

Examples of objective and subjective law

  1. Licenses or permits to enable a business or company
  2. Commercial affairs rules
  3. Road and transport regulations
  4. contracts
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