Adjective

What is an adjective?

The adjective is a kind of word that qualifies the noun in the sentence, it provides additional information or complements its meaning. The adjective is placed before or after the noun, agreeing in gender and number.

Adjectives determine nouns by specifying or highlighting their characteristics. For example:

  • The ball yellow.
  • The car old.

They are also widely used for general or abstract descriptions. For example:

  • The color yellow of the flowers (without specifying the type of flower)
  • It was a hard competition (difficult being an abstract adjective).

From the semantic point of view, the adjective can express various characteristics such as qualities (beautiful, tall), states (single, sad, happy), attitudes (active, idealistic), possibilities (probable, incredible), origin or nationality (Mexican, Argentinian).

the adjective characterized by flexingthat is, morphemes that combine with their lexeme, agreeing on gender (female/male) and number (singular plural). If the noun does not have gender variation, the article that accompanies it must be used.

Therefore the adjective depends on the adjacent noun to establish its form, whether it varies or not. For example, free/free, childish/childish, good/good, isosceles.

Types of adjectives

There are different types or categories of adjectives that are used daily in order to highlight the characteristics or determine the nouns to which we refer. Below are the most commonly used types of adjectives.

Adjectives

Qualifying adjectives are those that describe or qualify the noun or subject of the sentence by highlighting one or more qualities.

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Some of the most used are: cute, ugly, tall, short, friendly, kind, slow, fast, attentive, small, big, fat, thin, curious, happy, sad, new, old, yellow, blue, red, green , simple, dirty, clean, strong, fragile, cruel, wide, thin, happy, affectionate, among others.

For example:

  • your daughter is very high for his age.
  • Car blue It’s from my uncle.
  • The book is short and it reads without problems.
  • I feel happy this afternoon.

See also: Qualifying adjectives.

Demonstrative adjectives

They determine a relationship of proximity with the noun being spoken about. They are: this, that, that, that, that, that, these, those, those, those, those.

For example:

  • East apartment is mine.
  • That washing machine is good.
  • Those blankets must be washed.

Possessive adjectives

Possessive adjectives are characterized by attributing to the noun an idea of ​​belonging or possession. These adjectives can go before or after the noun and are: my, your, their, our/our, your/your, my, your, their, our/our, your/your.

For example:

  • Me bracelet and your earrings.
  • that book is Own.
  • In our house we have a fireplace.
  • are those shoes yours?.
  • Their presentation was brief.
  • Your kitchen gloves are these.

Determinative or determiner adjectives

They are the adjectives that introduce or identify the noun in the sentence, they do not describe it, but rather specify it and limit its scope. They are widely used adjectives that agree in gender and number with the noun.

For example:

  • Some friends.
  • That little dog is cute.
  • Is ball.

indefinite adjectives

They are adjectives that do not provide precise information about the noun. The most used are: some, some, many, enough, true, every, any, any, too many, few, others, much, little, none, none, more, same, other, all, several, both, such, true , each.

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For example:

  • Few teachers attended the meeting.
  • Some students are athletes.
  • Such question scared me.
  • Each one will give their opinion.

numeral adjectives

They express numerical quantity and can be cardinal (one, two, three, seven, nine, etc.), ordinal (first, second, third, fifth, last), multiple (double, triple, quadruple) or partitive (half, third, fifth, etc).

For example:

  • Does two years we saw each other.
  • I called it three times.
  • remained of second in the competition.
  • is the fifth time I come
  • I ate double dessert portion.
  • This is the \ It \ him quadruple what you asked me for.
  • add half Cup of water.
  • Buy a fourth kilo of meat.

gentile adjective

They identify the origin of people or objects, which can be a continent (America, Africa, Europe, Oceania or Asia), a country, a region, province or city. However, the most used adjective refers to countries.

For example:

  • your daughter is mexican.
  • My cousins ​​are Asianyes
  • He’s from Madrid.

degrees of the adjective

The degrees of the adjective express the intensity with which it characterizes the noun.

Comparative grade

It is used to confront the qualities. They are: plus and minus. These adjectives are accompanied by an adjective, noun or adverb, followed by the word that either What.

For example:

  • Equality:This movie is as interesting as the one we saw yesterday.
  • Superiority: This car is better than yours.
  • Inferiority: Ana is lower than Maria.

Superlative level

It expresses the quality of a noun with respect to another of its kind. It is divided into relative and absolute.

  • relative superlative: they are formed as follows: (el, la, los, las) + more or less + an adjective + the preposition of or of.
    For example:Maria is the student plus applied of class. Is the book plus ancient of library.
  • absolute superlative: an adjective is used and the suffix -ísismo, -ísima, -ísimos, -ísimas is added.
    For example: The tree is soaring. The test was very easy. The shoes are very expensive.
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adjective and noun

The noun is a kind of word with its own meaning that is used to name beings, objects or ideas. They can differentiate between proper names (Jessica, María, José), and nouns or common names (child, boss, lion, actor).

Nouns and adjectives are two types of words that are related, since the adjective is the word that describes or qualifies the noun.

For example:

  • Maria is very intelligentyou can identify the noun (Maria), and the adjective (intelligent).
  • The table it is roundyou can identify the noun (table), and the adjective (round).
  • The second goal of equipment was the most nice of the game, you can identify the noun (team), and the adjectives (second and pretty).

See also:

  • Noun.
  • Verb.
  • Adverb.
  • 120 examples of adjectives.
  • 200 examples of qualifying adjectives.