Anarchism

what is anarchism

Anarchism is known as philosophical system and a political theory that corresponds to the absence of government. The word anarchism is of Greek origin.anarkhos”, which means without government or without power.

Anarchism emerged in the 19th century as a proposal by the English philosopher and politician William Godwin (1756-1836) of a new political and economic system different from capitalism.

Godwin claimed that society could live without laws and without the restrictions of a government.and achieve its balance through the freedom of individuals, which was the state of the ideal society.

anarchism symbol

Anarchism proposes principles based on the end of private property and the division of social classes, the State and institutions in general, which meant the absence of authoritarianism, oppression and domination.

Also, it supports the creation of institutions for the free agreement and association of citizens, and education to develop capacities in man that allow him to reason for himself and thus be able to be free.

See also What is Anarchy?

anarchism It is a political theory that rejects state power and considers that coexistence among human beings is determined by the will and reason of each one.. For this ideology, man is good by nature but society and the State destroy him, preventing him from achieving his happiness and goals.

Later, other thinkers continued his studies and theories on anarchism, such as Max Stirner (1806-1856), Joseph Proudhon (1809-1865), Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910), Mikhail Bakunin (1814-1876) and Piotr Kropotkin (1842). -1921), among others.

In turn, within anarchism there are different currents, such as collectivism, of Bakunist roots, and anarcho-communism, of Kropotkian affiliation, which opposed the unions of the working classes.

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The mid-20th century is often noted as the time of the decline of the anarchist movement.

In colloquial language, the term anarchism acquired a negative and wrong connotation, generally associated with disorder or absence of rulesor used as a synonym for chaos.

characteristics of anarchism

Anarchism is essentially characterized by the following aspects:

  • It believes in the freedom and autonomy of individuals, and, consequently, in the creation of communes of workers that are governed by voluntary federated assemblies.
  • It is in favor of the suppression of the State, the political parties and all kinds of oppressive power.
  • He opposes private property, since it is the cause of social inequalities.
  • It attaches importance to education and knowledge so that man becomes free and does not live subordinate to another.

anarchist symbol

The anarchist symbol is a capital letter A inside a circle. There are several conceptions and interpretations about its meaning. The words anarchy and anarchism begin with the letter A.

For its part, the circle is seen by some as a symbol of perfection, for others of unity, and even of the world, but also as the vowel O, of order, in reference to the motto “Anarchy is order”.

Another symbol is the black flag, being the black color chosen in representation of purity and fidelity to its ideals, since said color does not get dirty or stain.

Difference Between Anarchism and Socialism

Both systems are similar in the rejection of capitalism and the search to achieve a more just and egalitarian society. The anarchism it differs from socialism in that it is contrary to the State: its main objective is to destroy it because it does not believe in political parties or in any political power, its only belief is in the individual and their education.

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For his part, the socialism supports the existence of a State governed by the proletariat to direct the economic, social and political system of the countries. Socialism believes in collective property, in the unity of workers and in their participation through political parties as a revolutionary means.

See also:

  • characteristics of anarchism
  • Socialism