The Bible is a collection or compilation of sacred books, which contains the stories, doctrines, codes and traditions that guide Christians, based on the Jewish tradition (Old Testament) and the announcement of the Gospel (New Testament).

It was written by about 40 men over a period of about 1,600 years. The first book of the Bible is Genesis. It was written around 1445 BC The last book is the Apocalypse, written around 90-96 AD It was originally written in Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek.

The holy Bible (holy bible in Latin) is the best-selling book of all time. It has been translated into more than 2,500 languages, and is available in different versions depending on traditions and translations. It is currently also available in digital format.

Bible is a term from the Greek word βιβλίον (biblion), What does it mean scroll papyrus or bookand from the Greek expression τὰ βιβλία τὰ ἅγια (ta bible ta hagia), What does it mean holy books.

In figurative sense, the term is also used to refer to a book of great importance and that contains all the relevant information in a certain area. For example, The Java Script Bible, The Business Administration Bible, The Musician’s Bible, The Soccer Bible, etc.

structure of the bible

The Christian Bible is divided into two main parts: the Old and the New Testament. Testament (Berith in Hebrew) means alliance, pact or contract. Each of them brings together a collection of sacred texts. Let us know some essential details.

Old Testament

The Old Testament (tanach for jews and septuagint for the Greeks) is considered by Christians as the creation story. It includes the stories related to the creation of the world and the events of the Hebrew people up to the year 445 BC approximately.

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There are two versions of the Old Testament, which circulated interchangeably in the times of Jesus and the apostles:

  • Hebrew Canon either Palestinian canon, written in Hebrew, made up of 39 books. This version excludes the so-called deuterocanonical books.
  • Alexandrian Canon, Septuagint Version (LXX) either septuagint bible. This version was written in Greek. It contains the Hebrew canon and, in addition, the deuterocanonical books, called apocryphal by the Protestant tradition, such as Tobias, Judith, 1st and 2nd book of Maccabees, Wisdom, Ecclesiasticus and Baruch.

Both canons differ in order, distribution and titles. The Catholic and Orthodox Churches recognize the Alexandrian canon either 1970s version. The Protestant or Lutheran-inspired Churches use the hebrew canon either palestinian canon. For its part, the Coptic Church admits other books such as the Book of Enoch and the Book of Jubilees.

See also: Old Testament and The 10 Commandments

New Testament

The New Testament contains 27 books. It is considered by Christians as the salvation story. It includes the gospels, which represent the life and teachings of Jesus Christ. These encompass events during his lifetime, his message, his death, and his resurrection.

In addition, the New Testament contains the narrative of the Acts of the Apostles (which tells of the birth of the early Church), the pastoral letters of early Christian leaders, and the prophetic book of Revelation.

See also New Testament.

Copies and translations of the Bible

medieval bible

Before the invention of the printing press, sacred books were copied by hand.

In the case of the Jewish holy book, which corresponds to the Old Testament Christian, copies were made by Hebrew copyists called masoretes. They were in charge of copying the Hebrew Scriptures between the 6th and 10th centuries, and they used to count the letters to avoid mistakes.

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In the Christian world, translations and copies of the Bible were carried out by monks in monasteries, many of whom also took it upon themselves to incorporate illuminations or illustrations of great artistic value into them.

The monks could copy alone or in a group under the dictation of a brother, which accelerated the production of copies. Therefore, it was not surprising that there were some errors in the process.

There are different opinions regarding the reliability, conservation and integrity of the Bible because many years have passed since the first manuscripts, and also due to possible errors in translations into different languages ​​and divergent opinions on dogmas.

The first translation of the Bible into the vernacular, and also the first printed version, was the Bible translated by Luther into German in the 16th century.

Archeology has also provided interesting discoveries in relation to the conformation of the historical biblical texts themselves.

See also: Religion, Gospel and Ebenezer.