Bioethics Meaning

What is Bioethics:

Bioethics is a interdisciplinary field that publicly discusses and criticizes ethical standards in the area of ​​medicine and health.

The principles that bioethics wants to establish cover practical areas as well as scientific, research and public policy areas.

Bioethics takes into account the disciplines of philosophy, theology, history, law, nursing, health policy, medical humanism, and medicine.

Bioethics arises to define and clarify the true objective and purpose of the life sciences and medicine. Search for answers regarding ethical values ​​in the use of technology, and its practices in the field of medicine and health.

The main objective of biotics is to offer professionals in the areas of medicine, genetic biology, biochemistry and biophysics:

  • discipline,
  • ethical guidance,
  • structure,
  • interdisciplinary approach, and
  • clarification.

The term bioethics was mentioned for the first time by the German Fritz Jahr in 1926 in his work Bio-ethik.

See also Ethical Values.

Principles of bioethics

Due to the rapidity in which science and technology develop, the principles of bioethics are under constant review and discussion.

So far, some guidelines and questions have been defined that will help define the principles of bioethics. In this way, the protection of human rights is sought in the area of ​​medicine and health, such as:

  • Every patient has the right to know and reject the treatments or procedures that are or will be applied to them.
  • What are the rights and obligations of the professional and the common citizen? What is the correct procedure to follow?
  • Right of the general public to knowledge and understanding in moral philosophy and scientific advances in the field of health.
  • Open discussions and debates about the way we live and die by embracing the interaction between human life, science and technology.
  • Define the concepts of pain, suffering, rights and obligations in materia medica.
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See also Genetics.