Biosphere Meaning

What is Biosphere:

Biosphere or biosphere, both terms are accepted by the Dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy, is a set of environments in which plant and animal life develops. Similarly, it is a set formed by living beings with the environment in which it develops.

The term biosphere is of Greek origin and is composed of bio What does “life” mean? sphaira which expresses “sphere or globe”, therefore, it is the sphere where life is. The biosphere was an expression fixed by the geologist Eduard Suess, in 1975 and the Russian physicist Vladimir Vernadsky, it is important for geology, astronomy, climatology, paleography, among others.

the biosphere It is one of the 4 layers that make up the earth.: lithosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere, they are formed by solid, liquid, gaseous and biological elements.

The biosphere is the only place in where is life foundit is the most extensive layer of the earth’s crust where the sun, air, water, light, and food prevail, it can be said that it is made up of biotic and abiotic factors that interact with each other with the help of the energy, these elements are essential to establish the necessary conditions for the development of life.

See also:

  • biotic
  • Abiotic

As such, the biosphere is the geographer where all living beings that are related to each other and to the environment that surrounds them are found, and it is the set of all ecosystems.

The interaction of living beings is sometimes harmonious and, in other situations, it is not, causing negative effects on the biosphere, which is why the behavior of populations and their environment They can affect the biosphere, through the contamination of water, air, soil, which endanger the ecosystem and, therefore, cause alteration in the biosphere.

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Currently, a great dilemma in society is reconcile the development of technologies with the lack of natural resources such as balance of the biosphere.

A natural ecosystem can remain in its original state for many years and is only altered by nature itself, for example: a natural disaster or, by man himself through activities such as devastation of biomes, excessive fishing, substitution of natural ecosystems. by areas destined for agriculture, among others that transform the biosphere, that is why the human being must be aware of the environmental effects and practice measures that allow the efficient administration of natural resources and, in this way, achieve a ecological balance.

See also Ecosystem.

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has set the expression Biosphere Reservesthe same according to UNESCO are:

“areas of terrestrial or coastal/marine ecosystems, or a combination thereof, that serve to promote the integration of populations and nature, in order to promote sustainable development through participatory dialogue, knowledge sharing, poverty reduction , the improvement of well-being, respect for cultural values ​​and the ability of society to adapt to changes”.

Layers of the Earth

As previously stated, the earth is made up of 4 layers: the lithosphere, the hydrosphere, the atmosphere, and the biosphere.

  • lithosphere It is the layer of the globe made up of the crust and the outermost part of the mantle and is characterized by its rigidity since it is made up of rocks and minerals.
  • the hydrosphere It is the set of liquid parts of the globe, that is, it is the set of all the waters on the planet.
  • The atmosphere It is a mass of air that surrounds the globe. The atmosphere allows us to maintain temperatures within tolerable extremes, protects us from ultraviolet rays, meteorites and contains oxygen, in conclusion, the atmosphere allows us to create favorable conditions for life on earth.
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See also:

  • lithosphere
  • Hydrosphere
  • ​Atmosphere

The biosphere is made up of the elements of the lithosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere, that is, from water, soil, heat, light and food. It is made up of the upper layer of the soil (lithosphere), continental and oceanic waters (hydrosphere) and atmosphere.