Bourgeoisie

What is the bourgeoisie

The bourgeoisie is called middle and affluent social class in which those people who own properties and high economic returns are grouped.

The term bourgeoisie derives from the French bourgeoisieto refer to people who lived in cities where they had certain labor privileges such as being merchants or artisans.

The bourgeoisie is a term that represents people who do not do any type of manual work and who have a significant accumulation of goods and money that makes them wealthy. Therefore, it is a term that designates the affluent middle class.

The bourgeoisie is divided into three categories: the upper bourgeoisie, which is responsible for the means of production and high political positions; the middle bourgeoisie, who are the people who exercise a liberal profession; and the lower bourgeoisie, which are the people who are part of the industrial and commercial sector.

According to Karl Marx, the bourgeoisie is a social class of the capitalist regime, in which its members are responsible for production, own their own business and are the opposite of the working class.

Likewise, Marx recognizes that it is thanks to the bourgeoisie and its values ​​that the term society evolved and paved the way for obtaining civil rights and a representative State.

See also Bourgeois.

Characteristics of the bourgeoisie

Below are the main characteristics of the bourgeoisie.

  • It is made up of levels in which groups of individuals are differentiated according to their wealth, work activity and prestige.
  • Its fundamental value is to recognize civil rights and the separation of powers.
  • It is based on the conception that States must have a representative political system.
  • The bourgeoisie can hold political office.
  • The bourgeois can form select groups of people with great economic and political influence.
  • It profits from capitalist economic activity.
  • Establishes the differences between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat.
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Origin of the bourgeoisie

The bourgeoisie arose in the Middle Ages, specifically in Europe, when the main source of work was still rural activity, although clothing, jewelery and spice merchants already existed, as well as artisans.

Therefore, the term bourgeoisie was used to denominate the people who had left the countryside and rural activity to move and live within the walled cities in new spaces called boroughs. However, these people were despised by the nobility.

It should be noted that the bourgeois were not feudal lords or serfs, nor did they belong to privileged classes such as the nobility, the clergy or the peasantry.

Since then, the bourgeoisie has increased and in the eighteenth century the bourgeoisie ideologically expressed their values ​​and interests in terms of the individual, work, innovation, progress, happiness, freedom and equality of conditions, topics summarized in the French revolutionary motto: I freed, equality, brotherhood.

Likewise, it was the bourgeois who actively participated in the French Revolution and in the Industrial Revolution demanding their social rights, political rights and economic rights.

On the other hand, with the emergence of the bourgeoisie, bipartisanship originated in the political system, after the French Revolution, which consists of the composition of two majority parties, in this case, that of the bourgeois on the one hand and that of the aristocracy. for the other.

See also Bipartisanship.

Currently, people who belong to the middle class or who have their own business are called bourgeoisie. However, a derogatory use of the term bourgeoisie is also made since it is used to classify common and vulgar people who do not have very good taste.

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See also:

  • Proletariat
  • Social classes