We explain what the City of Buenos Aires is, its geography and how it was founded. Also, what are its general characteristics, climate and more.

Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires is the largest city in Argentina.

Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires or the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires (CABA), is the capital city of the Argentine Republic, one of the thirteen nations that make up the South American subcontinent. It is one of the main capitals of the continent and of the Western world, as well as a major tourist destination.

Buenos Aires is the largest city in Argentina, where the majority of the population and economic activity is concentrated. It is the political center of the nation, despite being constituted as a Federal Republic. After São Paolo in Brazil, it is the second most populous city in South America and the one with the highest per capita income in the region.

Your name comes from the cult of the Italian Madonna di Bonairawidespread among the Iberian sailors of the time, whose name became Spanish as good air. The natives of Buenos Aires are known as porteños. Its satellite towns are collectively called Greater Buenos Aires.

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Location of Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires is located in the Pampean or central region of Argentina.

Buenos Aires It is located on the banks of the Río de la Plata.

Is found in the pampas or central region of Argentinaand the northern zone of the Province of Buenos Aires.

Its metropolitan territory is delineated by Av. General Paz, which surrounds it, and by the river itself, on the other side of which the Uruguay extends.

To the south, the city borders the Matanza-Riachuelo riverwhich is born 64km inside the Province of Buenos Aires.

Buenos Aires area

The city extends over a flat terrain, along 202km2 Of surface. Taking into account the entire territory of Greater Buenos Aires, this figure amounts to about 3,885 km2 Of surface.

History of Buenos Aires

Thomas Cavendish - Buenos Aires
Thomas Cavendish tried to invade Buenos Aires in 1587.

Buenos Aires was founded twice:

  • February 2, 1536. By the Spanish Pedro de Mendoza, with the name of port of Our Lady of Good Ayre. This settlement did not last long, as famine and conflicts with the native populations of Querandí led to its abandonment in 1541.
  • June 11, 1580. By the Spanish Adelantado Juan de Garay, who came from founding Asunción in Paraguay. This settlement was located one league further north from the site where Mendoza had made the first foundation. The new city was called Ciudad de la Trinidad in the Port of Santa María de los Buenos Aires, but over time only Buenos Aires prevailed.
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The city It was originally the seat of a government subordinated to the Viceroyalty of Peru. In 1776 it was designated as the capital of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, as part of a plan to stop foreign advances in the region and to control leather smuggling.

Since its founding, Buenos Aires has been the object of several invasion attempts. Among them are:

  • in 1587. By Englishman Thomas Cavendish.
  • in 1658. By Louis XIV of France.
  • in 1806. In the framework of the Anglo-Spanish War, when the Englishman William Carr Beresford took control of the city, until he was defeated by a Spanish army from Montevideo, under the command of Santiago de Liniers.
  • in 1807. Again in charge of an Englishman: John Whitelocke.

This city played a central role in the political events of the country. In 1816, it was the second seat of the Congress of Tucumán. At that meeting, all the provinces of the Viceroyalty declared their independence from Spain. The Constitution of 1819 was also drawn up there.

In that year a convulsive period of internal and external wars began (such as the Brazilian War of 1824) that lasted until independence was already obtained. The culminating point of these confrontations occurred in the civil war between Unitarios and Federales. Buenos Aires was a stronghold of the Unitarians, the losing side.

Buenos Aires population

Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires has 15 million inhabitants.

The population of Buenos Aires amounts to just over 3 million people. If its metropolitan area (Greater Buenos Aires) is included, this number rises to 15 million people, making Buenos Aires one of the main urban centers in the world.

38% of the population was born elsewhere, that is, its migrant composition is high. A third of the immigrants come from towns in the Province of Buenos Aires. Another similar proportion from other provinces, mainly from the north of the country (Jujuy, Salta, Tucumán and surroundings).

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Only 25% of the people who were not born in the city come from neighboring countries. Recently the immigration of young people from Venezuela has multipliedColombia and African countries such as Senegal, but it has not yet been completely censused.

Of the total population, less than 15% were born in another country. However, the descendants of foreigners retain customs of the nations of their ancestors. Thus, the city benefits from an enormous cultural variety, thanks to the Chinese, Korean, Armenian, Bolivian, and Paraguayan communities, among many others.

Government of Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires is the federal capital of Argentina. It is important to point out that it is not the capital of the Province of Buenos Aires, although it bears the same name.

enjoy an autonomous regime that allows it to have its own public powers: executive, legislative and judicial. The operation of these public powers is governed by the Constitution of the City of Buenos Aires of 1996. The city is divided into 15 communes, which group the different 48 Buenos Aires neighborhoods.

Buenos Aires Climate

Buenos Aires
The maximum summer temperatures in Buenos Aires can exceed 40 °C.

The city enjoys a temperate pampean climate, or humid subtropical. Its annual temperature averages are 17.9 °C and rainfall is 1236.3 mm. However, the region has marked climatic seasons, with a hot and humid summer and a cold and rainy winter.

Summer highs can exceed 40°C, while the winter minimums remain close to 7 °C. These temperatures tend to be more extreme in Greater Buenos Aires.

In the port region there are usually storms of a certain intensity. This is due to the thrust of two opposing winds: the pampas and the southeast, the first coming from the southwest, and the second from the southeast.

It can help you: Weather in Argentina

Tourism and culture of Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires
The tourist culture of Buenos Aires is nourished by the love of Tango.

Tourism in the city is an important source of income and it is possible to find visitors from different latitudes throughout the year, especially in the summer and spring seasons. It is estimated that Buenos Aires receives some 5.5 million tourists per year, and the city is one of the 20 favorite destinations in the world.

Among its most important tourist places are the historic center and the Casa Rosada (Government House)the traditional neighborhoods of San Telmo and Monserrat, as well as Avenida de Mayo, La Boca (and especially Caminito), the luxurious Puerto Madero and the Recoleta Cemetery.

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The tourist culture of Buenos Aires is nourished by the love of Tango. It is a typical traditional dance heir to Italian immigration, as well as other typical rhythms such as the Milonga or the Chacarera. There is also an important musical offer of rock in Spanish, especially among young people.

Finally, literary tradition is also very important. Among the authors most sought after by tourists are Jorge Luis Borges and Julio Cortázar.

Icons of Buenos Aires

Some of the emblematic Buenos Aires landscapes or monuments are:

  • The obelisk of Buenos Aires, where the national flag was raised for the first time, located at the intersection of 9 de Julio and Corrientes avenues.
  • Avenida 9 de Julio, one of the widest on the continent, which crosses the city from north to south in its downtown area.
  • Corrientes Avenue, where cafes, theaters, cinemas and bookstores abound.
  • The floralis generica, metallic flower located on av. Libertador in the Recoleta neighborhood.
  • The Boca neighborhood, where the immigrants’ path (Caminito) and the Boca Jrs. stadium, the “Bombonera”, are located.

Sports of Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires
Boca Juniors is one of the most outstanding teams in Buenos Aires.

Soccer is the undisputed king of sport in Buenos Aires. There are numerous neighborhood teams, of which Boca Juniors and River Plate, eternal and well-known rivals, stand out in particular.

The celebration of this sport permeates all Buenos Aires social strata. Often the competition is a source of conflict between the groups that support one team or another.

Other sports practiced in Buenos Aires are basketball, field hockey, and volleyball.

The “Conurbano”

With the name “conurbano” designates the periphery of the capital city. It is a huge portion of the urban area that is politically in the Province of Buenos Aires, instead of the Federal Capital.

Though there is a political and legislative change between one and the other, not so the change in the landscape is so marked. Even many of the people who live in the suburbs work within the city, so there is a huge population traffic daily.


  • “Buenos Aires” on Wikipedia.
  • “Geography of the city of Buenos Aires” on Wikipedia.
  • “Buenos Aires: the Argentine capital” in MundoCity.
  • “History of Buenos Aires” in Civitatis Buenos Aires.
  • “Autonomous City of Buenos Aires” in Connections.
  • “Buenos Aires”in The Encyclopaedia Britannica.
  • “Buenos Aires in number” in General Directorate of Statistics and Censuses.

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