Chile’s Flag

What is its meaning and what do its elements represent (colors and star)

The flag of the Republic of Chile is one of the national symbols of Chile and it is the hallmark by which it is known internationally. It is also affectionately called ‘the lone star’.

The Chilean flag is composed of two horizontal stripes. The upper strip of blue and white and the lower strip of red. The blue of the upper band occupies a third of the band and is located in the upper left corner. The blue square contains in its center a white five-pointed star whose diameter is half the square.

Chilean flag

The current model of the Chilean flag was legalized in 1817 and was the flag used for the oath of Chilean independence in 1818.

Its design is attributed to the Spanish military Antonio Arcosalthough several historians mention Gregorio de Andia y Varela. It was conceived by José Ignacio Zenteno, the war minister of Bernardo O’Higgins.

The national flag of the Republic of Chile had two previous versions:

  • The first version of the flag was created as a badge to identify the patriots at the time called Patria Vieja (1810-1814). It was composed of three horizontal stripes of the same size with the colors blue in the upper strip, white in the middle strip and yellow in the lower strip.
  • The second version It lasted eight months in 1817 and was designed by Juan Gregorio las Heras. It is called the “transition flag”, and the only difference from the previous flag is the replacement of the yellow color by the red color in the lower band.
  • The third version is the current
You may be interested:  Meaning of Freedom

In 1907 the Chilean flag won the contest for the most beautiful national flag in Blankenberghe, Belgium.

Meaning of the ‘lone star’ of the Chilean flag

The lone star on the Chilean flag represents the powers of State: the Executive Power, the Legislative Power and the Judicial Power that would ensure the integrity of the nation.

Meaning of the colors of the Chilean flag

The blue and white color of the Chilean flag has its origin in the verses of Alonso de Ercilla: “By the breasts, slant, crossed, blue, white and red bands”. This verse would also become the warrior motto of the Mapuche indigenous people of Chilean territory during the time of the conquest.

The red color symbolizes the blood shed by war heroes on the battlefields, where they fought for independence.

Currently, both the color blue and the color white have less warlike symbologies. The blue color now represents the clear sky and the white the snow of the Andes mountain range