What is the Church

Church is called group of faithful united by the same faith, and who celebrate the same religious doctrines. Also, it’s the building that consecrate God and dedicate worship.

It is noteworthy that the term Church was initially used to refer to the assembly of citizens to discuss political issues.

On the other hand, the term Church is applied to the various dimensions into which Christianity was divided: Catholic Church, Orthodox Church, Anglican Church, Greek Church, Maronite Church, among others. Regarding its constitution and institution, all the churches took a social form since there is no society that cannot subsist without authority, and regarding its institution it represents a system of dogmatic precepts, rites and beliefs.

Christ, I institute the church as a true society, hierarchical and monarchical, with a stable character, destined to gather the faithful until the end of time. Theologians develop this argument and decide that the Catholic Church or Roman Catholic Church is the only true Church of Christ, because it preserves the visible unity and the primacy of authority that was conferred on Peter, chief of the apostles, and his successors.

in sociology, the Church is characterized by being an organized and institutionalized religious group. The church is a society whose members represent in the same way the sacred world and its relations with the profane world.

etymologicallyThe word church is of Latin origin. ecclesia, and this from the Greek ekklesia.

Orthodox Church

orthodox church it derives from the ancient Greek Christianity of the Eastern Mediterranean. Orthodox Christianity spread through Eastern Europe through the influence of the Byzantine Empire, which lasted until 1543, and through the work of missionary groups.

The Orthodox Church differs from the Catholic Church by the lack of recognition of the Pope as an authority, since for them the most authority is the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople. Each Orthodox Church has its own patriarch, being self-governing.

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Orthodox Christianity is important in Russia, Ukraine, Greece, Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, among others.

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Evangelic church

The name of the Evangelical Church was used in 1817 in Germany to name the Church that resulted from the merger of Lutherans and Calvinists. Currently, the term is generalized for all small groups in Europe and America.

Catholic Church

The Catholic Church either roman catholic church it is a Christian Church that enjoys triple powers: teaching, sanctifying, governing and caring for the faithful. The Catholic Church is made up of the ecclesiastical class of priests, with the Pope being the supreme head of the entire Church and of the Vatican State, apart from the cardinals, bishops and fathers.

It is a hierarchical organization in which the clergy is divided into bishops, priests, and deacons. Likewise, it contains its own commandments or precepts, which are:

  • Participate in Mass on Sundays and holidays, refrain from work and activities that prevent the sanctification of these days.
  • Confess your sins at least once every year.
  • Communion the sacrament of the Eucharist at least at Easter.
  • Save abstinence and fast on the days that the Church indicates.
  • Satisfy the material needs of the Church, each according to their possibilities.

The Catholic Church is the mystical body of Christ, enlivened by the Holy Spirit. Christ is the invisible boss, who communicates spiritual life to all members, through the Holy Spirit through the sacraments.

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Anglican church

Anglican Church It has its origin in England, under its founder Henry VIII. It is considered part of the Catholic Church. Despite the above, it contemplates certain differences with the Catholic Church, since in the Anglican Church it allows women to be priests, and homosexuals can be priests and participate in the church. Likewise, the Anglican Church distances itself from the figure of the Pope.

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On the other hand, it presents similarities as in the belief in the sacraments of communion and the Lord’s supper.

See also on Christianity and Profane.