what is civilization

What civilization It is called the set of customs, knowledge, arts and institutions that constitute the forms of life of a human society.

In this sense, civilizations are societies that have reached a high degree of complexity in their forms of organization, their institutions, their social structure and their economic relations; that they are endowed with a political, administrative and legal system, and that have developed scientific and technological knowledge, as well as art and culture.

Hence it is considered that the civilization concept necessarily implies the presence of cultureand can be considered, in many cases, as its synonymousthat is, the set of beliefs, values, customs, traditions, artistic manifestations, institutions, etc., that characterize a society.

Civilization, on the other hand, can also be taken as Synonymous with progress, development or advancement. Hence, it is used to refer to the way in which a society can undergo a process of transformation in its ways of life, both at an economic, political and social level, which, compared to its previous situation, represents an improvement.

Likewise, as civilization is called the action and effect of civilizing: “The invaders subjected the indigenous peoples to a process of civilization.”

As civilization it is also referred to as most advanced stage of development of human societiesto which the states of savagery and barbarism pre-exist.

In the same way, the word civilization can be used to refer to the cultures that have existed throughout history and that are characterized by a set of distinctive features in their customs, traditions, artistic manifestations, knowledge, language, institutions, etc. ., such as the Mayan, Aztec, Greek, and Roman civilizations, among others.

The Universal history records, in the Middle East, more specifically in Egypt and Mesopotamia, the first human civilizations. These first civilizations were discovered by agriculture, commerce, writing, as well as the first human societies organized administratively by laws and regulations for their proper functioning. They were characterized, among other things, by being river civilizationsthat is to say, arisen around the basins of the great rivers: the Nile for the Egyptians, and the Tigris and the Euphrates for the Mesopotamians.

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See also: Culture.