Colombia’s Flag

What is its meaning and what do its colors represent?

The flag of the Republic of Colombia It is the national insignia of Colombia. Together with the national anthem and the national shield, it is part of the patriotic symbols that commemorate the most important moments in the country’s history, including its heroes and its independence.

Colombian flag

It is made up of three horizontal stripes: a first upper yellow stripe that occupies half of the rectangle, and the lower half divided into two stripes, one blue in the center and the other red at the bottom.

The current colors of the Colombian national flag are based on the colors that the Venezuelan Francisco Mirandaone of the instigators of the uprising of the Spanish-American colonies, coined for the first time on behalf of the territories on the way to independence.

In the year 1861, President Tomas Cipriano de Mosquera arranged for the flag of the future United States of Colombia (1863-1886) to carry nine stars representing each state and to be colored yellow, blue and red distributed in horizontal stripes, “yellow occupying the upper half of the flag and the other two colors the other half, divided into equal bands, blue in the center and red at the bottom”.

In 1886, the flag replaced the name of the United States of Colombia with the Republic of Colombia according to the new Constitution. In the following years, with President Carlos Holguín, the stars of the flag were suppressed, leaving the current version.

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Flag Day in Colombia is celebrated on August 7.

Meaning of the colors of the Colombian flag

There are many versions about the origin and meaning of the colors of the current flag. Within the origin of the colors there are the following explanations:

  • The colors yellow, blue and yellow were taken from the colors of the Spanish flag, yellow and red, interspersed with blue to represent the sea that separates them.
  • The coat of arms that Spain had given to Christopher Columbus for his trip to America had the three colors that would have inspired the national flag.
  • Francisco Miranda, who is credited with the conception of the current colors of the national symbol, would have chosen the colors as thanks to Catalina of Russia; yellow for her blond hair, blue for her eyes and red for her lips.

The meaning of the colors of the Colombian flag, despite the uncertainty of their origin, is currently summarized as:

  • Yellowas a representation of the abundance and wealth of Colombia derived from the sovereignty of the colonized territories;
  • Blueby the sea and the two oceans that unite Colombia with the rest of the world, and
  • Redwhich symbolizes the blood of those who fought for sovereignty, and which translates into love, progress, strength and power.