We explain what a community is, the types that exist and their functions. Also, what are its general characteristics and examples.

In a community, interests, rules and objectives are shared.

What is a community?

The term community has several possible uses. The most common has to do with a set of human beings that have some kind of common traits (such as language, customs, values, etc.), or some kind of encounter context. On the other hand, in biology and ecology it refers to a set of living beings of different species that interact in a certain area.

The term It comes from the Latin communitas and initially referred to people who live together, who share interests and live under the same rules. This sense is preserved to this day. Everything related to communities is called community.

See also: Social organization

community concept

The concept of community depends on the discipline and the perspective from which it is approached. For example, each of these disciplines has a specific definition:

  • Ecology. A community is a group of living beings linked to each other in a certain area, through trophic or food chains.
  • Politics. It is a human group organized, like countries, around the achievement of a common goal.
  • Management. It is a synonym of company or company.

All these concepts have, however, the common denominator of conjunction of individuals in a larger organized unitin which its parts are always mutually related.

community relations

Community relations occur between individuals in civil society.

Within communities, of whatever type they are, relationships between its parts, which can be called community relations. These relationships are not necessarily of a hierarchical type, but are usually considered to be between equals.

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Often considered community relations those that occur outside the States of the world. Among them are those that come from the mutual support of the popular communities, or of the individuals that make up civil society.

In the case of ecology, community relations are, instead, predation dynamics, commensalism and symbiosis. They occur between species that make up, among other things, the food chain of the ecosystem.

community types

There are numerous classifications of communities. We can list some as:

  • Local community. A group of human beings who live in a common area and interact with each other.
  • International community. The concert of the countries of the world and their relations with each other.
  • ecological community. The set of living beings of different species that are linked to each other through food relationships.
  • Community of interests. A type of associations of people who come together to share around a common interest or passion.
  • Scientific community. This is the name given to the set of voices and opinions in the scientific field of a country, a region or the world.
  • Community of goods. A type of legal contract that attributes to a group of natural or legal persons (called “comuneros”) the ownership of a patrimonial mass.

functions of a community

Communities are organized around a common goal.

human communities are usually organized around a common purpose, which is variable. Its members usually share passions, needs or desires, and from their association comes a greater possibility of achieving those purposes, in whatever way.

For example, an artistic community comprises all those artists and art scholars of a country, a region or the world. In this way, it gives them a capacity for organization, for joint spokespersons or for the exchange of knowledge that is always for their mutual benefit or their representation.

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importance of communities

Living beings, and especially Human beings cannot live in isolation.. In this sense, the formation of communities of all kinds comes naturally to us, being gregarious beings, and we value them as a form of accompaniment in life, the construction of joint tools and mutual appreciation.

that’s why people we like to belong to a certain communitythe approval of those who form it together with us is valuable to us, and the debate around the way we want to lead our communities is so important.


Communities should not be confused with communes, which is the name given in many Spanish-speaking countries to the smallest territorial or urban units into which a city can be organized. In other words, these are minor administrative divisions that, grouped together, make up larger units, and that can be equivalent to municipalities or councils.

Virtual communities

virtual community
Discussion forums on the Internet are a type of virtual community.

The new information technologies and the world of cyberspace (or world 2.0) have brought with them profound changes in the physical way of socializing and contacting people. Among them, the possibility of creating communities at a distance, with rapid and differentiated contactwithout the rigors that previously involved mass meetings, exchange of letters, etc.

To this new type of communities emerged at the end of the 20th century and beginning of the 21st They are known as virtual communities. An example of this are discussion forums on the Internet, chat rooms or social networks. These instruments allow the formation of human relations and the exchange of opinions and interests, through an Internet connection.

utopian communities

utopian communities were forms of association based on solidarity, mutual commitment, companionship and collective ownership, emerged during the 19th century and early 20th century as an alternative to early capitalist society, based on competitiveness, selfishness and accumulation. They were involved with the idea of ​​communism and socialism.

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The first utopian communities arose in France during the 18th century: the famous Paris Commune that played a vital role in the French Revolution. Then it inspired utopian communities that sought to isolate themselves and resist the consumer society. They were common in the US, Europe and Australia, and today they are called Ecovillas, since they have an organized world network.


In communism the ownership of the means of production becomes collective.

communism is a political-social, economic and ideological system opposed to private property. It is governed by the principle of the well-being of the community above individual well-being. There is a controversial discussion regarding its applicability or character, rather, totally utopian.

In practice, translates into statist systems, in which the ownership of the means of production of societies becomes collective. Modes of community association or popular organization are encouraged, even if it means sacrificing individual liberties.

Follow: Communism

community example

international community united nations
The international community is related to various organizations such as the UN.

A perfect example of a community is the so-called international community or concert of countries. In it, in principle, all the nations of the world are taken into account through their diplomatic representation, to try to conduct themselves and negotiate reciprocally for the benefit of the majority.

In practice, however, there are several international communities depending on the degree of integration of the region or the status of official recognition that a nation has. This is proof that It is a community governed by its own laws. and whose members are, in one way or another, interconnected.


  • “Community” on Wikipedia.
  • “Ecological community: definition and characteristics”in Green ecology.
  • “Community” at Britannica Kids.
  • “Community” in the Dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy.

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