Examples of Compare or Contrast Paragraphs

The compare or contrast paragraphs are those in which two or more ideas, concepts, theories, events, objects or people are compared, confronted, differentiated or equated.

A paragraph is a coherent unit of text that is made up of one or more sentences, beginning with a capital letter and ending with a full stop. The texts are organized in such a way that each paragraph deals with a central topic.

In general, compare or contrast paragraphs consist of two distinct parts:

  • main phrase. It is a statement or sentence that mentions the items being compared or contrasted. It is usually at the beginning of the paragraph.
  • comparative or contrastive phrases. They are statements or sentences that indicate the comparison or contrast between the elements. They are usually after the main phrase and can follow two types of structure:
  • Contrasting Description Structure. Compare or contrast how each characteristic is present in the elements.
  • Structure of separate descriptions. All the characteristics of one element are mentioned and then the qualities of the other.

In this type of paragraphs, comparative connectors are used (for example: better than, less than, as much as) or contrast connectors (for example: however, instead, while).

Examples of Compare or Contrast Paragraphs

  1. The beaches of this country are the most chosen tourist places, however, many people prefer those of the north to those of the south. The northern beaches receive 2 million tourists every summer; while those of the south, 700,000 individuals in the high season. The northern beaches are warmer and have better hotels, on the other hand, the southern beaches are colder and have quality accommodation, which is usually three or four stars.
  2. Hurricane and tornado are two natural weather phenomena that cause very strong and damaging winds, but they are very different. Hurricanes can be predicted, usually have a diameter between 500 and 1,800 km, last several days or weeks, produce winds of up to 240 km/h, and originate in the ocean, only in tropical latitudes. On the other hand, tornadoes cannot be predicted, they usually have a diameter of 250 m, last a few minutes, produce winds of up to 500 km/h and originate from land.
  3. The North Pole and the South Pole are two geographical regions that are located at opposite points, in the north and in the south respectively. The North Pole is a floating mass of ice, while the South Pole is a large expanse of land, Antarctica, that is covered in ice. The climate of the South Pole is colder than that of the North Pole, since in the first the maximum temperature is -25 °C, on the other hand, in the second the maximum temperature is 15 °C.
  4. Houses and apartments are the two most popular forms of housing in cities. The houses are on their own land, usually have one, two or three floors and are properties that can be reformed and expanded according to the will of the owner. In contrast, the apartments are on shared land, because they are in buildings, are usually one story, and are properties that do not allow for much renovation or expansion.
  5. Free trade and protectionism are two different ways of regulating the economy. In free trade, the State does not intervene strongly and, therefore, the exchange of goods and services with other countries is unlimited. On the other hand, in a protectionist system the State restricts imports and, therefore, trade in goods and services with other countries is limited.
  6. The goals and objectives are everything that a person, an institution or company wants to achieve, however, they present great differences. The goals are an end in itself, they are abstract and general and are raised in the medium or long term. On the other hand, the objectives are actions that are carried out to achieve a greater purpose, that is, a goal, they are concrete and specific and must be met in the short or medium term.
  7. Prose and verse are two forms that a text can take and that present great differences. The prose has a continuous writing, because it does not adjust to a certain metric and is usually used in different types of texts, such as narratives, journalists and scientists. Instead, the verse has a fragmented structure, because it generally has a specific number of syllables and is often used in poetry and drama.
  8. The formal and factual sciences are differentiated by their object of study and their methodology. In relation to the object of study, the formal sciences analyze abstract entities, while the factual ones observe and describe objective elements, that is, those that exist in the real world. As for the methodology, the formal sciences use the deductive method, on the other hand, the factual ones use the scientific method.
  9. Rationalism and empiricism are two philosophical currents that are distinguished by their proposals regarding how valid knowledge is reached. Rationalism holds that knowledge is achieved through reasoning and deductive logic. Instead, empiricism argues that knowledge is obtained through the senses, experimentation, and inductive logic.
  10. Myths and legends are two types of orally transmitted narratives that include fantastic or extraordinary elements. However, they are not equivalent terms. Myths take place in ahistorical time, while legends take place in real time. The myths relate events that supposedly take place in wonderful or far away spaces, on the other hand, the legends refer to events that occur or occurred in places that exist in reality.
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