Examples of Expository Text

A expositive text It is one that offers the reader detailed information regarding a specific topic of reality, with the intention of transmitting facts, data, knowledge or concepts in an objective way. For example: a school handbook.

Expository texts do not usually involve the author’s opinions and do not need to rely on arguments to convince the reader, since the main objective is to convey information accurately. That is why the referential function of language tends to predominate in them.

Expository texts are not only informative, but also explanatory. This is because, when referring to a topic, they use the explanation as a resource to develop the knowledge they seek to transmit. For this reason, expository texts are present in all scientific and academic fields, from the most formal sciences to the humanities, given that the main objective of science is to offer an explanation for the specific phenomena of each field. For example: a popular science article, a university exam.

Characteristics of the expository text

From a formal point of view, expository texts usually have the following characteristics:

Types of expository texts

Expository texts can be of two types, according to the audience they are addressed to:

  • Informative expository texts. They are aimed at a broad audience and address topics of general interest from a simple perspective, which does not require the reader to have prior knowledge on the matter. For example: an encyclopedia article.
  • specialized expository texts. They use technical language and are aimed at experts in the field, which means a high degree of difficulty for readers who are not specialized in the subject. For example: scientific research report.

Structure of the expository text

Expository texts usually have the following structure:

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Expository Text Resources

Expository texts can use various resources to facilitate understanding of the concepts they convey:

  • Definition. It allows to explain the meaning of a concept or term.
  • Comparison Y analogy. They serve to establish similarities and differences between two elements or fields.
  • Exemplification. It allows illustrating with specific cases what is being explained.
  • Description. The characteristics of something are detailed so that the reader can form his own mental representation.
  • Classification. It allows ordering elements or concepts based on common characteristics.
  • Reformulation. Something already said is presented but with other words, to favor understanding.

Examples of expository texts

  1. school handbook

Stars are huge balls of gas that give off heat and light. They originate when the particles and gases of the universe are concentrated and united by the effect of gravity in the nebulae. There, the stars light up and, after millions of years, they group together in groups called star clusters.

Stars have a limited life. Its duration depends on its size and its fuel, that is, the hydrogen it contains. For example, the Sun, a medium-sized star, can take 10 to 11 billion years to consume most of its fuel.

Taken from Avanza Biciencias 7 CABABuenos Aires, Kapelusz, 2018.

  1. dictionary entry

Window. 1. f. Opening in a wall or wall where an element is placed and that generally serves to look at and provide light and ventilation.

Taken from the Dictionary of the Spanish language of the Royal Spanish Academy.

  1. encyclopedic entry

The lion (Panthera leo) It is a carnivorous mammal of the felid family and one of the five species of the genus Panthera. Wild lions live in increasingly dispersed and fragmented populations in sub-Saharan Africa (except for the jungle regions of the Atlantic coast and the Congo Basin) and a small area of ​​northwestern India (a critically endangered population in the park Gir Forest and surrounding areas), having disappeared from the rest of South Asia, West Asia, North Africa and the Balkans in historical times.

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Until the end of the Pleistocene, approximately ten thousand years ago, of the large land mammals, the lion was the most widespread after humans. Its distribution covered most of Africa, much of Eurasia, from western Europe to India, and in the Americas, from the Yukon River to southern Mexico.

Taken from Wikipedia.

  1. Biography

Jorge Guillen

Jorge Guillén Álvarez (Valladolid, January 18, 1893 – Málaga, February 6, 1984). Spanish poet, belonging to the Generation of ’27.

He studied Philosophy and Letters in Madrid and Granada, graduating in 1913. In 1924 he received his doctorate and visited Germany after having been a Spanish lecturer at the Sorbonne (1917-1923), an activity he repeated years later at Oxford. In 1925 he obtained the chair of Spanish Literature at the University of Murcia, moving to Seville three years later. He occupies this last position until, after the civil war, he exiles himself to the United States, where he teaches Literature and Letters, until the end of his career. […]

His poetry is published in the western magazine from 1919 to 1928; in this last year he appears with the title of chant, often considered the pinnacle book of his generation. In a second stage, in which various political conflicts are reflected, he publishes the three parts of Clamortitled maremagnum (1957), what are they going to give at sea (1960) and At the height of the circumstances (1963). Nostalgia for the past, the passage of time and reflection on old age are recurring themes in his work. Later, with Tribute (1967), returns to the focus of his first stage. His latest works are and other poems (1973) and Final (1982).

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In 1976 he received the highest award for Hispanic letters, the Miguel de Cervantes Award.

Taken from “Jorge Guillén. Biography”, in Instituto Cervantes.

  1. informative brochure

DISABILITY – SOCIAL WORKS

PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES HAVE THE RIGHT TO:

  • Join a social work.
  • Make your claim in the SSSALUD for coverage or affiliation problems.

TO RECEIVE:

– Comprehensive coverage at 100% of the benefits and medicines requested by the treating doctors, in relation to the pathology accredited in the Single Certificate of Disability (CUD).

– Adequate information and guidance from interdisciplinary teams, which your Obra Social must offer.

– The benefits established in Law No. 24,901 “Basic Benefits System in habilitation and comprehensive rehabilitation in favor of people with disabilities”.

Taken from “Disability – Social Work”, in the Superintendence of Health Services, Ministry of Health of the Argentine Republic.

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