Examples of Informational Text

A information text It provides descriptions and facts about reality in order to make something known in the most objective way possible, that is, without including emotions, opinions, points of view or wishes of its issuer. For example: a news item, an instruction manual, an encyclopedic entry.

In general, informative texts use formal and denotative language, since their main objective is to transmit information or knowledge about a specific topic in a clear, direct and objective way. They can allude to events, situations and circumstances both current and past.

We use these types of texts in practically all spheres of our lives and they appear in a large number of genres. For example: theses, technical reports, scientific articles, school books, information brochures, dictionary entries, biographies, recipes.

To keep in mind: Depending on the genre in question, informative texts can present elements of expository texts (since they allow offering the reader detailed information regarding a specific topic of reality), of narrative texts (since they are used to recount events in a given space and time) and descriptive texts (since they serve to characterize elements of reality).

Characteristics of the informative text

Informative texts usually present the following characteristics:

Types of informative texts

Depending on the target audience, informative texts can be:

  • Informative informative texts. His language is accessible to any reader. Unlike the specialized ones, they do not point to a receiver with training in any particular field of knowledge. For example: a newspaper article or the definition of a concept in an encyclopedia.
  • Specialized informative texts. They contain academic or technical language. They are aimed at a reader who already has sufficient knowledge or training to be able to understand the content of the text. For example: a degree thesis or a scientific report.

Structure of the informative text

In general, informative texts usually present the following structure:

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Watch out: The informative texts can be very diverse, depending on the type of information that is sought to be transmitted and the context, among other elements. Thus, an informative text can consist of a single sentence or an extensive treatise, for which the parts that make up its structure tend to be highly variable. For example: a news story about a robbery, a sign with the hours of a restaurant and an instruction manual are all informative texts, but each one presents its specific structure.

Examples of informational texts

  1. News

Roger Federer says goodbye and creates a huge void in the heart of tennis

The Swiss announces his retirement due to recurring knee problems. He leaves at the age of 41, with 20 Grand Slam titles, a total of 103 tournament wins and 310 weeks as number 1.

Just a few days after Serena Williams played the last match of her professional life in New York, Roger Federer announced his goodbye. Tennis loses two of the greatest players of all time almost in an instant. The Swiss, winner of 20 Grand Slam titles, leaves resigned due to recurring knee problems. […]

In a long statement through his Twitter account, the Swiss explained in detail the reasons for a farewell that, despite being feared in recent weeks due to the setback in his recovery, was not expected so abruptly. The Basel player began by expressing his deep gratitude to the fans, who always respected him, in many cases to the point of veneration.

Font: The world

  1. dictionary entry

Chair. 1. f. A seat with a back, usually with four legs, and that can only fit one person.

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Source: Dictionary of the Spanish language

  1. encyclopedic article

Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution or First Industrial Revolution is the process of economic, social and technological transformation that began in the second half of the 18th century in the Kingdom of Great Britain, which spread a few decades later to much of Western Europe and Anglo-Saxon America, and that concluded between 1820 and 1840. During this period the greatest set of economic, technological and social transformations in the history of humanity since the Neolithic period was experienced, which saw the transition from a rural economy based fundamentally on agriculture and trade to an urban, industrialized and mechanized economy.

Source: Wikipedia

  1. Manual of use of an appliance

Atma TO8021SS Toaster

Instructions for use of the toaster:

• Before using your toaster for the first time, without bread inside,

put it to work twice selecting the regulation in its maximum position. This process will eliminate residual odors that may be generated.

• Place a slice of bread in each slot.

• Place the browning selector in the most appropriate position according to your taste.

• Lower the loading lever. The toaster will activate and the STOP ( O ) button will illuminate. The loading lever will not detent if the toaster is not connected to power.

• Once the selected browning level has been reached, the appliance automatically switches itself off and ejects the toast.

Source: Atma

  1. Cooking recipe

Caffe Panna Cotta


  • Soluble coffee 3 tablespoons
  • w/chocolate
  • Sour cream 2 cups
  • ½ liter whipping cream
  • Sugar 1 cup
  • Whole milk 2 cups
  • Thyme 2 tablespoons
  • Powdered gelatin 10 g
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Step by Step:

  • Heat the milk in a saucepan over low heat along with the sour cream, sugar, thyme and coffee, without letting it boil.
  • Remove from heat and allow to cool to exactly 80ºC.
  • While the previous mixture is cooling, hydrate the gelatin in a container with water for 5 minutes and mount the whipping cream in a bowl.
  • When the milk mixture is still warm, add little by little, with enveloping movements, the gelatin and the whipped cream.
  • Pour into individual molds and let cool in the refrigerator for 2 hours.
  • Unmold to serve.
  • Sprinkle with grated chocolate.

Source: “Panna Cotta de Caffé”, by Zahie Tellez, in El Gourmet.

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