Expositive Text

What is an expository text?

The expository text is one that objectively addresses a given issue or topicin order to publicize and report a series of facts, data or specific concepts.

The fundamental purpose of expository texts is transmit informationthat is, to provide a set of clear and direct knowledge about a wide list of general or specific content.

Along with this, the expository text is also explanatory, as it seeks to clarify and detail all the information related to the data it provides. Hence, we can find expository texts in discourses of an informative, educational, scientific, legal or humanistic nature.

Characteristics of the expository text

Expository texts differ and are characterized from other texts mainly by their structure to organize information and writing style. The main features are:

  • The writing of the text is objective.
  • It is written in the third person.
  • It uses clear and precise language.
  • It is supported by the use of resources such as connectors, comparison or enumeration, to facilitate discursive fluency.

All texts are likely to present different textual modalities (expository, argumentative, scientific, among others), depending on the subject, the intention and the resources used by the author to write it. This means that a variety of textual modalities may be present in the development of a text.

Structure of expository texts

The structure of expository texts is formed, as for most texts, by introduction, development and conclusions.

  • YoIntroduction: where the topic that will be addressed, the approach that will be used and the points or aspects of greatest interest are disclosed.
  • Ddevelopment: part of the text in which the information related to the topic being addressed is presented, in a clear and orderly manner.
  • Conclusion: synthesis of the information presented where the most relevant aspects of the topic are highlighted.
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Types of expository text

Expository texts can be subdivided depending on the complexity of the content and the level of compression required by said information, as follows:

  • Informative expository texts: intended for a broad audience that does not require prior knowledge of such information. For example, encyclopedias, school textbooks or newspaper articles, among others.
  • Specialized expository texts: intended mainly for specialists in certain subjects. The contents contain technical vocabulary, for example, academic monographs or theses, legal writings or scientific articles.

See also historical accounts

expository text example

The Apple

The apple is an edible fruit of the pome type, which is born from the apple tree.

The apple has a rounded shape and is somewhat flattened at the ends. Their skin is thin and can be red, green, or yellow. The interior of the fruit is white and juicy, and in the center are its seeds.

The apple has different properties, among these:

It is an astringent and laxative fruit.

Promotes the elimination of body fluids.

It is a fruit that can be eaten both raw and cooked, as well as together with other foods.

Being a versatile fruit, it can be included in a wide variety of culinary recipes.

On the other hand, among the main apple producing and exporting countries are Mexico, Chile, China, the United States and Spain.

See also:

  • Text
  • Narrative text
  • Information text
  • Argumentative text
  • 10 examples of expository texts