Fundamental Rights

What are fundamental rights?

The Fundamental rights are all the privileges or guarantees that are inherent to all people, and that are embodied in the legal system of a country.

Fundamental rights derive directly from human rights, which is why they tend to be confused and used as synonyms; however, they are two different concepts, since human rights are universal while fundamental rights only apply within the territory to which the laws that contemplate them belong.

The main legal document that groups fundamental rights is the Constitution, which is why fundamental rights are also known as constitutional rights.

However, these guarantees may be extended in more specific laws, depending on what each State considers necessary.

which are my fundamental rights?

As fundamental rights derive directly from human rights, they are very similar. However, its application varies depending on the laws of each country.

In fact, in many constitutions the fundamental rights are grouped by categories.

For example, the rights of Mexicans are classified as:

equality rights

It establishes that before the laws of Mexico, all its citizens are equal. And that if there is an exceptional case, the same laws must be resorted to.

liberty rights

It includes, among others:

  • The right to free transit through the national territory.
  • The right to free association.
  • The right to work in any trade or profession as long as it is lawful.
  • If any person enters Mexican territory in conditions of slavery, he will be protected by law and will be considered a free person.
  • The right to freedom of expression.
  • The right to freedom of association, as long as it is for lawful purposes.
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Property rights

They are rights linked to the economic and productive development of the individual. In this sense, it is contemplated:

  • The right to private property.
  • The right to access the land and waters within the territory, for productive purposes.

They are the guarantees that all citizens have to access justice. In this sense, it is proposed:

  • The right to be notified in writing by the competent authorities in the event that legal proceedings have been initiated against a person.
  • The right to the effective and prompt administration of justice.

See also:

  • Human rights.
  • Constitution.