what is heritage

What heritage is called the set of assets and rights of a person. The word, as such, comes from the Latin patrimonywhich refers to what has been received through the paternal line.

In this sense, heritage is also the making someone inherit from their ancestors. Hence, the concept is, historically, associated with the inheritance.

In the times of roman republicfor example, the law established that the patrimony was family and inheritable property, which was transmitted from generation to generation, and to which all members of a family were entitled.

As such, there are different types of heritage, depending on the type of assets we are referring to and whether they are tangible, such as movable or immovable property and natural assets, or intangible, such as cultural assets.

Patrimony in Law

In the legal field, heritage is designated the set of goods and obligations belonging to a natural or legal person that can be valued economically. As such, equity can be divided into active equity and passive equity.

In this sense, the active heritage is one that is constituted by the set of assets and rights that are owned by a company, institution or individual. Meanwhile he passive equity assumes the obligations, debts and burdens of the person. The difference between active and passive equity, on the other hand, is called net worth.

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Cultural heritage

The cultural heritage It refers to set of cultural assets that historically belong to a community, people or nation, and that is made up of the traditions, beliefs, values, customs and artistic and folkloric expressions that constitute its past, its identity and its uniqueness. As such, it is the cultural heritage that a people receives from their ancestors and transmits to future generations. The unesco (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is the international organization that promotes the protection and preservation of cultural heritage throughout the world, due to its enormous value to humanity.

Natural heritage

What natural heritage one is known that is constituted by a set of monuments, landscapes, formations and places of natural origin that form part of a territory or nation, and that, by virtue of this, have an enormous value at an environmental, scientific and aesthetic level for the human being.

tangible heritage

What tangible heritage It is called the set of movable and immovable property, as well as natural assets of great historical and cultural value for a community, town or nation. Monuments, buildings, archaeological sites, places, natural settings, such as mountains, lakes, caves, etc.; tangible movable heritage objects such as works of art or pieces of archaeological interest, such as utensils, gadgets, weapons and clothing, among other things.

intangible heritage

What intangible or immaterial heritage It is called the set of intellectual and artistic creations of the human being, such as literature, philosophy, science, religion, music, dance, as well as the set of manifestations of their culture, such as their customs and traditions.

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historical heritage

What historical heritage It is called the set of goods that, over time, a nation has been accumulating, and that due to its great artistic, scientific, archaeological value, etc., enjoys special protection by the legislation of a country.

National Heritage

What National Heritage It is called the sum of the values ​​attributed to the resources available to a country at a given moment in time, and which are used for the economic life of the nation.