what is a maze

A maze is a construction made with one or several paths that deceive whoever walks it to make it difficult to find the only way out.


There are two types of labyrinths, the labyrinths of a single and complex path called unicursal and the multicursal labyrinths composed of several paths characteristic of the labyrinths of parks and gardens.

In English, the word unicursal labyrinth translates as labyrinth and multicursal labyrinth as maze.

Minotaur’s Labyrinth

In Greek mythology, the labyrinth of the Minotaur or Cretan labyrinth was built by Daedalus to contain the Minotaur, son of the Cretan queen Pasiphae, and a white bull.

The myth tells that King Minos, husband of Pasiphae and son of Zeus, does not fulfill his promise to sacrifice the white bull that Poseidon had made emerge from the water to be the tribute that would ensure the victory desired by Minos himself.

King Minos was punished with the possession of Pasífae for an uncontrollable attraction to the white bull from whose relationship the Minotaur was born, which only fed on humans. In the labyrinth of the Minotaur, fourteen young men from the noble families of the city were offered annually as food to the monster.

Finally, Theseus decides to offer himself as a tribute for a year to kill the Minotaur and end this punishment. Before leaving, Theseus and the daughter of King Minos, Ariadne fall in love. Ariadne, knowing that one of the challenges of the labyrinth is finding the exit, gives Theseus a ball of gold thread that will help him in this task after having killed the monster with the head of a bull and the body of a human.

Chartres Labyrinth

The labyrinth of the Chartres cathedral, located in France, was built in the main nave of the cathedral in the year 1220. The identified labyrinth is one of the most famous, and one of the few that has lasted over time, visited and admired by pilgrims and historians.

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In the third century, Christians in Europe used to make pilgrimages to the Holy Land. Due to the difficulties of the time of the crusades, the labyrinth emerged as a symbolic and mystical resource in some cathedrals, whose route replaced the pilgrimage.