Literature of Romanticism

The literature of romanticism is a branch of literature that developed in the late 18th century and was part of the aesthetic, artistic, and philosophical movement of Romanticism.

The literature of romanticism was a literary current that originated in Germany and then spread to the rest of Europe and America until the end of the 19th century. The literature of romanticism opposed rationalist approaches, as well as capitalism and stereotypes of classism.

However, the period of romanticism literature in Spain was late and brief, it had its greatest influence in the year 1835. In Latin America, for its part, romanticism was characterized by reviewing its historical past and the nature of each country.

On the contrary, the poets of romanticism highlighted in their literary works the expressions of feelings and emotions, hence, this branch of literature is typical of the lyrical genre, the narrative genre, the drama and the theater.

The literary works of romanticism are characterized by breaking with the norms of literary genres, valuing the imagination, the original and the fanciful over reason; mix tragedy with comedy, expose exalted emotions, present a rebellious spirit, among others.

Likewise, the literature of romanticism cultivated the historical novel, the gothic novel, the adventure novel, the figure of the hero, the beauty of wild nature, castles in ruins, terror, the improbable, autobiographies and took up medieval themes. .

See also Literature.

Characteristics of the literature of romanticism

Below are the main characteristics of romanticism.

  • The works emphasize the importance of emotions and feelings.
  • It exposed a rejection of reason, for which creativity, passion and imagination prevailed.
  • Originality prevailed.
  • Pre-industrial, nationalist, and traditional historical themes were highlighted.
  • The works exhibited a taste for mysterious subjects.
  • The authors were idealized and their works were born from their own inspiration and without the need for prior solitude, during romanticism there was opposition to professionalizing artistic creation.
  • He cultivated the poetic and narrative genre.
  • An idealistic vision was presented in which the human being was always in search of freedom and the romantic.
  • The outstanding themes were love, death, nature, ruins, the traditional, freedom and disappointment.
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Authors of romanticism literature

Among the most outstanding authors of the literature of romanticism, both in Europe and in America, the following can be mentioned:

German authors: Johan Wolfgang von Goethe, Friedrich Schiller, the Grimm brothers, among others.

English authors: Mary Shelley, Walter Scott, Percy Bysshe Shelley, John Keats, William Blake, Jane Austen, among others.

French authors: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Victor Hugo, Alexandre Dumas, among others.

American authors: Edgar Allan Poe, James Cooper, among others.

Spanish authors: Ángel de Saavedra, Mariano José de Larra, Rosalía de Castro, Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, among others.

Latin American authors: Manuel Acuña and Manuel María Flores (Mexico), José María de Heredia and José Martí (Cuba), Esteba Echeverría, Domingo Faustino Sarmiento (Argentina), Jorge Isaac, Rafael Pombo (Colombia), Juan Antonio Pérez Bonalde, Eduardo Blanco (Venezuela) .

See also Romanticism and Characteristics of Romanticism.