Meaning of Abiotic

What is Abiotic:

Abiotic is the means that does not allow to receive any living being. The term abiotic is made up of the vowel “a” which means “negation” and “biotic” which expresses “life”, therefore the word abiotic indicates “lifeless”.

The term abiotic is the antonym of biotic, which is the environment where life exists and its factors are the living beings of an ecosystem such as: flora, fauna, among others.

See also Biotic.

The term abiotic is related to the “theory of abiogenesis”, developed in the year 1870, by Thomas Huxley. The referred theory postulates the origin of life through inorganic matter. In reference to this, there are various critics against this theory, such as, for example, creationists who consider that life on earth was created by God and scientists who support the “biogenesis theory”, that is, that life arises from living matter.

Currently, the only theory that has credibility is the “biogenesis theory” and the “abiogenesis theory” must continue with the investigations, so it is expected that it will be fully verified or replaced by a better theory.

See also Biogenesis.

abiotic factors

The abiotic factors are essential in ecosystems and influence living beings such as water, soil, climate, temperature, among others, because the animal needs water and optimal weather conditions to survive.

In reference to the above, abiotic components develop the biotope, which is a geographical space where there are environmental conditions that allow the coexistence of a set of organisms of all species that is known as biocenosis, in reference to this point, experts divide it into: hydrotopes that are hydrographic resources, climatope is characterized by weather conditions, edaphotope refers to the land, among others.

You may be interested:  Biosphere Meaning

There are organisms that support the absence of some abiotic factor for a long period and are known as: euryoecious organismson the contrary, the stenoid organisms They are beings that resist the disappearance of an abiotic factor for a short period. Due to the above, organisms change their physiological and morphological characteristics in order to adapt and survive in a certain environment.

See also Ecology.