Meaning of Aerobic

What is Aerobic:

The word aerobic is an adjective used to indicate everything belonging or related to a life in an environment that contains molecular oxygen and to aerobic organisms.

The expression aerobic is related to the aerobic exercisesthis term means “with oxygen” and, therefore, it is that physical activity that through fast and rhythmic movements requires an effort from the heart and lungs to provide oxygen to the muscle cells and caloric expenditure.

Some aerobic exercises are: walking, running, swimming, dancing (dance therapy or Zumba), jumping, riding a bicycle, among others. In addition, the practice of aerobic exercises produce a series of advantages such as: lowering blood pressure, lowering cholesterol levels, reducing blood glucose levels, improving lung capacity, improving cardiovascular performance, and so on.

On the other hand, eukaryotic organisms and some bacteria perform aerobic respiration, because they are beings that need oxygen (called aerobes) to carry out their functions. Aerobic respiration takes place at the cellular level and in the mitochondria, it is carried out in several phases: in the first phase the glucose molecule is oxidized and divided into pyruvic acid molecules, then it enters the mitochondria where it is oxidized until release CO2 and then the hydrogen is attached to the coenzymes and is transferred to molecular oxygen with the formation of water.

aerobic and anaerobic

anaerobic exercises They are characterized by their high intensity and short duration since they do not need oxygen. Anaerobic exercises are all those that require a great effort in a short time. The purpose of anaerobic exercises is to strengthen the muscles, that is, tone the body, develop flexibility.

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At the same time, Aerobic exercises They are identified by their long duration and constant intensity.