Meaning of Aesthetic Values

What are Aesthetic Values:

aesthetic values ​​are outstanding virtues of a person, animal, work of art, fashion, object, landscape, event, among others, and that generate positive or negative reactions or appreciations.

As a type of value, aesthetic values ​​are positive criteria and references, generally shared by a group, that define a person, thing or action. On the other hand, aesthetics refers to the perception of the senses and the philosophy of what is considered beautiful.

Consequently, aesthetic values ​​are also the result of appreciations or value judgments made by people, based on a set of philosophical, aesthetic and ethical reflections on what they consider to be beautiful or not.

Subjectivity of aesthetic values

Aesthetic values ​​depend largely on the perception that individuals have about something specific. That is, what was considered aesthetically beautiful or unpleasant twenty years ago, may not be so today.

People highlight aesthetic values ​​based on their personal value scale, what they consider to be harmonious, and the aesthetic assessment judgments they make.

Therefore, generating a positive or negative criticism of someone or something is giving a strictly personal opinion that may or may not be accepted by others.

Aesthetic values ​​are those that allow expressing the sensations of pleasure, admiration or displeasure that are generated when a work, sport, person, object, animal, among others, is being appreciated.

For this reason, the meanings of aesthetic values ​​can be taken as positive or negative depending on who is looking.

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For example, when a musician listens to the melody of a song and values ​​it aesthetically as harmonious and balanced, but for another person it has no special meaning.

Hence, aesthetic values ​​are an academic and even commercial case study, because positive or negative acceptances can also generate economic gains or losses.

Main aesthetic values

There are many aesthetic values, including beauty, the sublime, the grandiose, the delicacy, the harmonious, the unpleasant, the delicate, the elegant, the horrifying, the tragic, the ridiculous, the chaos, the drama, the balanced, among others. Here are the most important:


It is what is considered aesthetically beautiful, and was the central theme of the philosophical treatises raised by Plato and Aristotle. It is related to what is pleasant to the senses and perceptions. However, determining what is beautiful or not is a difficult task because it depends on people’s reactions to something.


It is related to what is considered aesthetically beautiful according to what is established as harmonious and symmetrical. The balance makes it possible to balance the perception of the aesthetic and the various ways in which it is expressed.


It refers to the conjugation of all the elements that are part of something and that are correctly intertwined, generating a positive result.


It is a term widely used in literature to classify a type of text. The tragic is intertwined with the dramatic, hence its particularity to awaken various sensations in the reader or viewer.

As an example we can mention the Greek tragedy as a dramatic genre and the use of masks with expressions of sadness, pain or joy.

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Something is judged horrible when its perception generates disgust, discontent. The horrible is not considered beautiful.

aesthetic values ​​in art

Aesthetic values ​​define the criteria of beauty according to philosophical, aesthetic and ethical consensus. In this sense, in the appreciation of works of art, aesthetic values ​​are used to make a positive or negative value judgment.

Aesthetic values, being perceptions and reflections, transmit feelings. For example, when a human sculpture is appreciated and amazement is generated by the detail and delicacy of the work done.

The same thing happens when watching a sunset and the senses make value judgments of beauty for what nature represents.

Aesthetic values ​​change over time because aesthetics, externalized in forms, adapt to different times and societies.

This is especially clear in art, where some works lose their aesthetic values ​​and others remain appreciated by future generations over time.

Aesthetic values ​​in philosophy

Aesthetic values ​​are a type of value studied by aesthetics, a branch of philosophy, which theorizes and defines the relations of perception of what is beautiful or not. Socrates, Plato and Pythagoras were philosophers who made treatises on aesthetics and its perception.

To this extent, aesthetic values ​​share the ethical and moral principles of other values, such as human values, social values, or cultural values.

See also Value Types.