Meaning of Affinity

What is Affinity:

Affinity it means proximity, analogy, similarity, resemblance or kinship from one thing to another. For example, the affinity between two languages ​​such as Portuguese and Spanish. The word comes from the Latin affinĭtas, affinitatiswhich refers to ‘what is close’, ‘neighbor’.

The affinity it is also a feeling of attraction, likeability or compatibility of characters, opinions, tastes between two or more people. A personal levelpeople seek to connect with those who have feelings of affinity, this is how they arise love or friendship. A social levelpeople tend to group themselves according to affinities: political, sports, religious, philosophical, professional.

Affinity in Law

In RightWhat affinity refers to kinship that a spouse contracts by marriage with relatives by consanguinity of the other. Affinity ties exist between a son-in-law or daughter-in-law and their respective in-laws, as well as between brothers-in-law. This type of tie is known as “political kinship”. Thus, the husband of an aunt would become the uncle-in-law of the aunt’s nephew by blood. The kinship by affinity does not imply, for its part, affinity between blood relatives of one spouse and the other, for which reason it is said that “affinitas non parit affinitatem” (affinity does not create affinity).

For him Canon lawthe affinity can generate a impediment to marriage in the event that one of the spouses intends to marry one of their relatives by affinity, in view of which, they must first regularize their civil situation, be it widowhood or divorce.

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Affinity in Chemistry

Inside of ChemistryWhat affinity the tendency that two or more elements or chemical compounds present to combine with each other. Therefore, when a chemical combination occurs, the cause of this phenomenon is attributed to the affinity that exists between the components. For example, the chemical affinity between alkali metals and halogen elements.

Electronic affinity

The Electronic affinityalso known as electroaffinityis the ability of atoms to accept one or more electrons. In this sense, the release of energy that occurs when an electron is captured by an atom in a gaseous state determines its Electronic affinity, which, according to Thermodynamics, has a negative value. The more negative the Electronic affinitythe tendency of the atom to capture an electron will be greater.

Semantic Affinity

What semantic affinity We refer to the relations of proximity or analogy established between words of the same grammatical category with meanings that may be similar, although not strictly identical. Words in which this relationship exists are known as synonyms, and they are very useful when it comes to enriching the language or giving it different nuances. There are different degrees of semantic affinity, for example, the one that is identified in different words that strictly denote the same thing: language = language; it can also occur between words that do not always mean the same thing, but have a common connotative field: meta = objective; as well as between words that mean opposite things but, in certain contexts, assume another semantic value: “Felipe is asleep”, to refer to the fact that he is very smart, very smart.

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Affinity in Pharmacology

Inside of Pharmacologythe affinity is called ability of a drug to bind to a cellular receptor in the body and form what is known as a drug-receptor complex. In this sense, it is affinity determines success of the pharmacological action.