Meaning of Anabolism

What is Anabolism:

Anabolism or biosynthesis is a metabolic process in which complex substances are generated from other simpler substances. The word comes from the Greek Anawhich means ‘upwards’, and balletwhich means ‘throw’.

Anabolism is one of the activities carried out by metabolism. It is complemented by a process called catabolism, whose main function is to extract energy for cells by breaking down complex nutrients into simple products.

For life to be possible, all living beings complete metabolic processes. In this sense, both plants and animals record anabolic processes, but these are of a different nature, and therefore receive different names. For example, gluconeogenesis, photosynthesis, chemosynthesis, etc. All these processes receive the generic name of anabolic pathway.

In the case of plants, the anabolic process of photosynthesis allows them to obtain glycose from water molecules (Htwo0) and carbon dioxide (COtwo).

In the case of human beings, the process is strategically related to the formation of muscle tissue, which it does from energy consumption. Thus, proteins are synthesized from amino acids. For this reason, the anabolic processes can be stimulated by means of a high protein diet and the practice of exercises.

functions of anabolism

Among the essential functions of anabolism, the following can be highlighted:

  • It allows the formation of cells and, therefore, tissues.
  • Increases muscle mass;
  • Stores energy through chemical bonds in organic molecules.

See also:

  • Metabolism.
  • proteins.
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