Meaning of Anatomy

What is Anatomy:

anatomy is the science that studies the structure and morphology of living things. It is a term from biology.anatomy

This term comes from the Latin anatomĭa, and in turn from the Greek ἀνατομία, derived from the word ἀνατέμνειν (‘to cut along’) and which is formed with the terms ἀνά (aná, ‘upward’) and τέμνειν, (témnein, ‘ cut’).

Applied to the study of the human being, it is known as human anatomy. This term is also used to refer to the structure of a living being or its organs.

Some examples of the object of study of anatomy are dental anatomy, brain anatomy and eye anatomy.

anatomy and physiology

Anatomy and physiology are two complementary disciplines. The first is dedicated mainly to the study of the structure and morphology of living beings while the second focuses on the analysis of their functions.

applied anatomy

Applied anatomy or clinical anatomy is the study of the structure and morphology of the organs of a living being in relation to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. It involves the practical application of knowledge about anatomy. It is also the name of an academic discipline.

Pathological anatomy

Pathological anatomy is a type of applied anatomy, framed within the branch of Medicine and that studies diseases and their diagnosis through the analysis of macro and microscopic samples.

Pathological anatomy is also the name of a Medicine subject and a medical specialty whose professionals are called pathologists.

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See also Medicine

comparative anatomy

Comparative anatomy studies the morphological and structural differences and similarities between living things. It is used especially in the study of animals. It allows establishing common points of different parts of an organism and identifying evolutionary changes.

Comparative anatomy is used in various fields such as paleontology or medical research.

descriptive anatomy

Descriptive anatomy or systematic anatomy is the study of the structure and morphology of the body of a living being through the study of its organs, apparatus and systems independently. It focuses on the description of the forms rather than their functions.

See also Body.

It supposes a concept different from that of topographic anatomy, zones or areas of a body are studied in their entirety, for example, in the posterior forearm, different systems such as the circulatory and nervous systems would be studied.

Read more about Branches of biology.