Meaning of Arianism

What is Arianism:

It is known as Arianism to the set of doctrines founded by Arius (256-336 AD) that are characterized by denying the same divine status between Jesus and God.

Arianism held that Jesus is not properly God, but the first creature created by the Father, who did not enjoy divinity, and was used for the creation of the world. With this, Arianism postulated the existence of only God, and that of a single principle, the Father.

On the other hand, the Word could not be linked with God-Father since it is not consubstantial with the Father, nor the Three Divine Persons, and therefore differences arise between them.

In principle, this heresy was supported, and the doctrines were spread throughout the Roman Empire, North Africa, Palestine, Asia Minor, Syria. However, there was a high tension between Catholics and Arians, since for the former Christ is truly the Son and truly God, and they would never approve of separating him.

Although Arianism was considered heresy, condemned at the First Council of Nicaeus (325), and declared heretical at the First Council of Constantinople (381), it remained a religion among some Germanic peoples until the reign of Reccared I, who established Catholicism as the official religion of his kingdom.

Currently, there are no vestiges of Arianism but certain similarities of other religions with the foundation of the doctrine under study.

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Lastly, the term Arianadjective that identifies a follower of Arianism.

Arianism and Semi-Arianism

Semi-Arianism is an intermediate doctrine between Arianism and the First Council of Nicaea (325) which states that Christ was similar to the Father in essence, but not consubstantial with him.

Arianism and Jehovah’s Witnesses

Jehovah’s Witnesses, presents similarity with Arianism, because they postulate that Jesus is a Created Being, who is not eternal or God. As a consequence, Catholics have the arduous task of overthrowing that postulate, and defending the deity of God.

Arianism and Nestorianism

Nestorianism is a doctrine that considers Christ separated into two persons; a divine part, son of God, and another human, son of Mary, united in one person as Christ.

For more information, see the Nestorian article.

Arianism and Monophysitism

Monophysitism is a theological doctrine that holds that in the person of Jesus only divine nature is present and not human.