Meaning of Autism

What is Autism:

autism is a neurological disorder that affects the ability to identify, communicate and receive emotions or empathy.

Autism is characterized by the difficulty of communicating being them through social interactions, verbal and non-verbal communications or in relation to repetitive behaviors or habits.

Autism is within the group of Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD). The subgroup called Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD or ASD) is referred to as a spectrum because there are different types of autism or more specifically different degrees of autism.

One of the identified causes of autism indicates that it is generated by a disorder in neurological development that inhibits the ability to fully learn the dynamics of social interactions.

The World Autism Day is celebrated on April 2 every year.

autism symptoms

Autistic disorder covers a wide spectrum whose symptoms must be diagnosed by a specialist. Some symptoms that can be identified and can be within the spectrum are difficulty in communicating or understanding feelings, lack of empathy, difficulty in taking off or looking at a person.

See also Empathy. Childhood autism Childhood autism is the identification of autism in childhood. The earlier the child is diagnosed, the more effective are the treatments and special learning of insertion in society.

types of autism

Despite the various types of autism, today they are all considered as part of the Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) for better evaluation and analysis since the borders of one type or another are not clear. They are generally divided into 4 types or groups:

  • autistic disorder: simply called autism, childhood autism, childhood psychosis or Kanner syndrome.
  • Asperger syndrome: or also called dry Asperger’s, is one of the mildest types of autism and is characterized by a lack of empathy.
  • childhood disintegration disorder: also known as disintegrative psychosis or Heller syndrome, it is characterized by delays in language development, social functions and motor skills. This group includes all those on the autism spectrum who have regressive symptoms.
  • Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS): all cases within the autistic spectrum that are atypical are considered in this group.
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A few years ago, Rett syndrome was considered a type of autism spectrum disorder, but after several studies it is considered a serious cognitive disorder with a high probability of being associated with an autism spectrum disorder.