Meaning of Autotrophic Organisms

What are autotrophic organisms:

Autotrophic organisms are those that have the ability to produce their own food from inorganic substancesTherefore, they can also be known as producers or vegetables.

The main examples of autotrophic organisms are plants, algae and various bacteria.

Autotrophic organisms are characterized by being able to generate their own food, which they obtain from inorganic substances that they manage to transform into organic substances, and which are necessary for their metabolism. This feeding process is carried out through the autotrophic nutrition.

In order for autotrophic organisms to make their own food, they need water (HtwoO), solar energy, mineral salts, inorganic substances such as carbon dioxide (COtwo), and chemical reactions from which they obtain glucose, fructose, oxygen, chlorophyll, among other substances necessary for their nutrition.

The importance of autotrophic organisms lies in the ability they have to generate their own food, which is why they do not need others to feed themselves, as well as heterotrophic organisms (animals or humans), which even also serve as food. .

Likewise, autotrophic organisms are primarythat is, they were the first living beings to inhabit the Earth, simple in composition and dependent on sunlight for living. Then, from these, the other living beings were formed.

See also Autotrophic nutrition.

Types of autotrophic organisms

There are two types of autotrophic organisms: photoautotrophs and chemoautotrophs.

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photoautotrophic organisms

They are the organisms that obtain their food through light, for example, plants, algae and various types of bacteria.

These organisms use the energy they obtain from light to carry out photosynthesis, a chemical reaction that allows them to manufacture their food by transforming inorganic substances into organic ones.

Likewise, photoautotrophic organisms fix carbon, obtained from carbon dioxide, through the Calvin cycle, which allows them to absorb and generate biochemical elements, such as glucose, necessary for plants.

Examples of Photoautotrophic Organisms

The main examples of photoautotrophic organisms are green algae, red algae, cyanobacteria, ochromonas (golden algae), daisies, parsley, bay leaf, sessile oak, among others.

It also goes:

  • Photosynthesis.
  • Calvin cycle.

Chemoautotrophic organisms

These organisms produce their food from certain inorganic chemical molecules that contain iron, hydrogen, sulfur or nitrogen, therefore they do not depend on solar energy.

These organisms are, for the most part, bacteria that live in extreme environments in which they obtain the inorganic substances necessary to generate their food.

Examples of Chemoautotrophic Organisms

Among the chemoautotrophic organisms, sulfur bacteria, nitrogen bacteria, hydrogen bacteria, iron bacteria, among others, can be mentioned.