Meaning of Balance

What is Balance:

Balance is the state of a body when the sum of all the forces and moments acting on it is counteract. It comes from the Latin aequilibriumWhich consists of “aequus”, which means ‘same’, and “pound”, ‘balance’.

We say that someone or something is in balance when, despite having little base of support, stands up without falling. In this sense, synonyms of balance are counterweight, compensation either stability.

By extension, we recognize Balance in situations of harmony between different things or between the parts of a whole. attitudes like the equanimitythe measurethe sanitythe sanity and the composurefor example, are taken as a sample of equilibrium, just as we also relate equilibrium to mental health of a person.

In Physical educationwe know as sense of balance the physiological faculty by which we perceive our position in space and are able to stand up. The acrobats, for their part, exploit this ability and take it to the extreme in very complicated situations, such as walking a tightrope several meters high. This practice is known as balancing and who executes it is called equilibrist.

We also use Balance in the plural to point to the set of maneuvers or acts of prudence aimed at sustaining a delicate, insecure or difficult situation. While the expression balance refers that we should adjust our expenses, because our income is lower than what we earn.

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balance in physics

For the Physicalthe Balance it is the state of a system in which two or more components coexist simultaneously and counteract each other, canceling each other out. can be presented in a static body, not subject to any type of modification, be it translation or rotation; or in a moving body. The latter can cause three types of balance:

  • stable balance: one to which a body that has been removed from its position returns by itself. A pendulum would perfectly illustrate stable equilibrium.
  • indifferent balance: that independent of the position of the body. For example: a wheel on its axis.
  • unstable balance: one in which the body does not recover the initial position, but passes to a more stable equilibrium position. Let’s think of a cane that was standing on his foot and it falls to the ground.

thermodynamic equilibrium

In the thermodynamicsa system is said to be in Balance when the state variables (mass, volume, density, pressure, temperature) have the same value at all points. For example, when adding ice cubes to a tea to cool it, we find that, after a while, the ice has dissolved and the temperature has become uniform, because thanks to the transfer of heat the temperature has been produced. thermal equilibrium.

balance in chemistry

In Chemistrya reaction is said to be in equilibrium state when there is no progress in either direction, although the transformation reaction develops in two opposite directions and at the same time, but forming the same number of molecules in both, without registering changes in their compounds.

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economic balance

In Economics, the economic balance refers to the state in which the price of a product or is determined by the correlation between its offer Y demand in the market. In this sense, we say that there is market equilibrium when the offer of a certain product or good is equal to its demand. In the face of a variation, the relationship of interdependence that governs the dynamics of the market encourages the factors that intervene in the economic balance are activated to compensate for any imbalance, from which it follows that the economic system will always try to stability.

environmental balance

In the plane Ecologicalthe environmental balance It refers to the regulation, minimization and self-sustainability of the impact of human activity on its natural environment. Due to the importance currently given to the environmental balance, institutions and organizations, governmental or not, of a nature have been created. conservationistwhich monitor how industry and the exploitation of natural resources affect the living conditions of animal and plant species and their environment.