Meaning of Barbarism

What is a Barbarism:

As barbarisms we call all those linguistic mistakes that we make when we make mistakes when writing or pronouncing a word.

The voice, as such, comes from the Latin barbarism, which in turn comes from the Greek βαρβαρισμός (barbarisms). This term comes from βάρβαρος (barbarians), the way in which foreigners who had difficulty speaking the local language were designated in ancient Greece.

Thus, all those words, expressions or syntactic constructions that do not conform to the grammatical rules of the languagesince they add, omit or transpose letters, sounds or accents.

The word barbarism can also be used as synonym of barbarity, that is, words or actions that, due to their impropriety or recklessness, are irrelevant. For example: “Enough of barbarism: let’s talk sensibly.”

Barbarism, likewise, is used in the sense of barbarism, lack of culture or rudeness: “Barbarism entered the Congress of the Republic with that deputy.”

types of barbarism

There are different types of barbarism depending on the type of incorrectness that they imply. They can be prosodic, syntactic or orthographic.

prosodic barbarisms

Prosodic barbarisms are those in which vices are committed in diction or improprieties in the way of articulating certain sounds.

For example:

  • Going or going by going, from the verb to go.
  • Pull to pull
  • Insect bug.
  • Anticipate to anticipate.
  • Haiga by beech.

Syntactic barbarisms

Syntactic barbarisms are those in which the agreement, the regime or the construction of words, sentences or idioms is corrupted.

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For example:

  • In relation to instead of in relation to or in relation to.
  • Queísmos: “Call before you come”, instead of “call before you come”.
  • Dequeísmos: “I think that it is not good”, for “I think that it is not good”.
  • Impersonal sentences: “Yesterday it reached 30 degrees”, instead of “yesterday it reached 30 degrees”.

orthographic barbarisms

Orthographic barbarisms are those that imply faults to the norm of the correct writing and formation of the words. It occurs not only with words of the native language, but also with foreign words not adapted to grammatical norms.

For example:

  • I walked for I walked, from the verb to walk.
  • You said for you said, from the verb to say.
  • Decomposed by decomposed, from the verb decompose.
  • Monster for monster.
  • I was for I was, from the verb to be.
  • They will restore by restaurant.
  • boucher for voucher.
  • Bulling, bulyng, buling, bulin or bulyn by bullying.