Meaning of Boiling

What is Boiling:

Boiling refers to the action and effect of boiling, which consists of the physical process in which a substance changes from a liquid to a gaseous statethrough the increase in temperature in the entire liquid mass.

The word boil comes from the Latin boiled, boiltiōnisand this in turn will boilwhich means ‘to boil’, ‘to release bubbles’.

According to Physics, boiling occurs when a substance increases its temperature throughout its mass to such an extent that the vapor pressure equals the external atmospheric pressure.

The term boiling can also be used in everyday speech to indicate that something or someone is in a state of agitation: “Today’s protests put the streets on the boil.”

Boiling in Physics

In physics, boiling is one of the processes of change of state of matter from liquid to gaseous. The specific conditions of temperature and pressure in which this phenomenon occurs is called the boiling point. However, this may vary from substance to substance.

Within this process, the appearance of bubbles takes place, which rise to the surface, originating the vapor, that is, the passage from the liquid state to the gaseous state.

Alcohol, for example, has its boiling point at 78 °C, while iron, to boil, would have to reach 2,750 °C, because it must first reach its melting point (1,535 °C). , that is, the moment in which it passes from a solid to a liquid state, and then vaporizes.

In this way, the boiling point temperature cannot increase, but remains constant at a constant pressure.

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The boiling point also changes when we go up in the atmosphere, due to pressure variations. For example, the boiling point of water at sea level is 100 °C, but as we go up, the atmospheric pressure decreases, as well as the temperature necessary to reach the boiling point.

boiling and evaporation

Both boiling and evaporation are processes of change of state of matter from liquid to gas framed in what is called vaporization.

It is important not to confuse boiling and evaporation, as both change the state from liquid to gas in different ways. In boiling, the change affects the entire mass, while in evaporation, the process occurs on the surface of the fluid.