Meaning of Botany

What is Botany:

The botanic It is the scientific discipline that deals with the study, description and classification of plants., as well as their relationships with each other, with other organisms and with their environment. It is a branch of biology.

The word, as such, comes from the Latin botanicalwhich in turn comes from the Greek βοτανικός (botanikós), derived from βοτάνη (botánē), which means ‘herb’.

Botany mainly studies the kingdoms plantwhich encompasses terrestrial plants; fungiwhich includes fungi, and chromist, mainly algae. All these organisms have in common the presence of chloroplasts and the lack of mobility.

Botany is a broad field that is subdivided into different specific branches that deal with the study of specific aspects of plants. Among them we find:

  • Phytochemistrywhich deals with the chemical composition of plants;
  • plant cytologywhich studies cell organization;
  • plant histologywhich deals with the formation of tissues;
  • plant physiologywhich analyzes the functioning of the metabolism;
  • Phytographywhich deals with the growth and development, as well as the morphology of plants;
  • plant geneticswhich focuses on issues such as reproduction and heredity;
  • Phytopathologywhich encompasses studies on plant diseases;
  • Ecologyin which relations with their environment are analyzed;
  • Phytogeographywhich deals with studying the geographical distribution of plants;
  • Paleobotanywhich is responsible for research and analysis of plant fossils.

Plants are very important for life on planet Earth, because in addition to being the main recipients of solar energy, they are also responsible for the generation of oxygen. In addition, practically everything we eat or use is directly or indirectly related to plants and their processes.

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On the other hand, the knowledge provided by a discipline such as botany is extremely important for life and the expansion of scientific knowledge, which is why not only biologists, but also agronomists, foresters, pharmacists, doctors and anthropologists study.

The plants are collected and cataloged in herbariums. There they are dried and described for their study and preservation.

Also they Botanical Gardens serve this purpose, as they contribute to the study, preservation and dissemination of plant diversity. And, unlike the herbarium, in the botanical garden the plants are exhibited alive.

See also Biology.

types of botany

Botany, since ancient times, can be divided into two main branches: pure and applied botany.

  • pure botanyis one whose fundamental objective is to expand knowledge about plants and their reciprocal relationships and with the environment.
  • applied botanyis one in which research is assumed from its utilitarian profile, that is, how this knowledge can be effectively applied to agriculture or the production of pharmaceutical products.

systematic botany

Systematic botany is one that is responsible for the taxonomic classification of plants according to their characteristics, morphology, anatomy, physiology and DNA. Its objective, then, is the identification, classification and nomenclature of plants.