Meaning of Capacity

What is Capacity:

capacity refers to the quality of being capable of something determinedthis quality can fall on a person, entity or institution, and even on a thing.

In other words, capacity refers to the possibility of an entity to fulfill a certain function based on its characteristics, resources, skills and abilities.

Referring to people, the term implies that a subject has conditions to be able to perform a certain type of tasks or functions, either because he is naturally fit, in which case we would speak of a potential ability or talent, or because he has been trained through education.

In this sense, each individual may have one or more capabilities. For example: he may have analytical ability, reflective ability, physical ability, psychological ability, social ability, etc.

Like a person, certain types of institutions or entities are trained to fulfill specific missions. For example: a company has a certain production capacity; a non-governmental organization has the capacity to act on behalf of a disadvantaged sector.

There is also talk of the seating capacity or capacity. For example: “This collective transport unit has a capacity of 30 seats.” “This concert hall has a capacity of 200 seats.”

Juridical capacity

In law, the term is used juridical capacity to refer to the possibility of carrying out certain legal actions, such as entering into contracts. There is also talk of ability to act.

Capacity in science and technology

The term applies to refer that a thing has enough scope or space to be able to store or contain something, be it liquid, solid mass, energy, volume, etc. For each of these subjects there is a capacity measurement scale: square meters, cubic meters, watts, gigabytes, etc.

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Therefore, in the scientific field it is normal to speak of:

  • Capacity units (volume);
  • Storage capacity;
  • electrical capacity;
  • Heat capacity;
  • Cranial capacity;
  • Portant capacity;
  • Toxic capacity, etc.