Meaning of Chemical Compound

What is Chemical compound:

Chemical compound is an expression that is used to refer to those substances that are made up of two or more elements of the periodic table.

Depending on the origin of the elements that participate in their formation, chemical compounds are classified into two essential types: organic compounds and the inorganic compounds.

organic compound

These compounds come from the chemical synthesis that is produced from the accumulation of plant and animal material, which under certain conditions of pressure and temperature decompose and become fuel.

In this way, organic compounds result from the union of carbons bonded to each other, in turn bonded to hydrogen. This results in the formation of hydrocarbons.

There are also compounds that contain other substances such as sulfur, nitrogen or oxygen, among others. In these cases, the resulting products receive the generic name of functional groupsfrom which alcohols, esters, aldehydes and other types of substances can be obtained.

In any case, organic compounds have the property of providing energy, that is, they function as fuels.

Although they are produced naturally, human beings have managed to create organic compounds through artificial synthesis processes.

Some examples of organic compounds are petroleum, natural gas, DNA molecules, sugars, lipids, oil or alcohols.

See also:

  • organic compounds
  • Fossil fuel.

inorganic compound

Inorganic compounds are those that do not derive from the synthesis of plant or animal material, but from other processes. Therefore, in this type of chemical compounds carbon does not participate.

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Of rest, all the known elements collaborate in the formation of inorganic compounds. Therefore, ionic bonds and, to a lesser extent, covalent bonds prevail.

Since inorganic compounds are not synthesized by living things, they are rather the result of various types of physical and chemical phenomena, such as electrolysis, fusion, diffusion, and sublimation.

Some examples of inorganic compounds are: water, sodium chloride (or common salt), ammonia, sodium bicarbonate or citric acid.

You may also be interested in: Inorganic compounds