Meaning of Chlorophyll

What is Chlorophyll:

Chlorophyll is the photosynthetic pigment par excellence. It gives the green color present in plants and they are the molecules responsible for the transformation of light energy into chemical energy, in the process called photosynthesis.

The word chlorophyll comes from the Greek “χλωρος” either “chloros” what does it mean “green“, Y “φύλλον” either “fýlon” that expresses “leaf“.

It is known as chlorophyll as the organic molecules of chloroplasts, characteristic of plant cells. This plant pigment is what allows the photochemical reactions necessary for photosynthesis.

Chlorophyll is discovered for the first time by the chemists Pelletier and Canventou, who in 1817 managed to separate it from the leaves of plants.

chlorophyll structure

Chlorophyll has in the structure of its molecules a porphyrin ring that contains magnesium and its function is to absorb light and, once phytol hydrophobic chain which maintains the chlorophyll included in the photosynthetic membrane.

Due to its molecular structure, chlorophyll through the process of photosynthesis allows converting inorganic energy (carbon dioxide and water) into organic energy (carbohydrates) because it is the receptor of light energy in said process.

Chlorophyll is one of the photosynthetic pigments present in plants. The pigments that give the colors that do not belong to green are found in the chromoplasts, such as carotenoids.

See more about: Pigment.

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types of chlorophyll

In biology, different types of chlorophyll are differentiated:

  • The chlorophyll A It is present in the centers of action of plant cells, responsible for photochemical reactions during photosynthesis.
  • The chlorophyll B It works as a receiving antenna for the energy of the photons that it later transfers to the chlorophyll A.
  • The chlorophyll C It is present in the chloroplasts of brown algae, diatoms, and haptophytes, and
  • The chlorophyll D it is found only in red algae and in a cyanobacterium known as acaryochloris marina.

chlorophyll and chloroplasts

Chlorophyll is located in the chloroplasts of plant cells. Chloroplasts are organelles present in the stroma of the plant cell and inside there are several thylakoid coins called grana. Chlorophyll is found within the thylakoid membranes.

Both chlorophyll and chloroplasts are characteristic elements of plant cells and are what make photosynthesis possible.

Chlorophyll Benefits

Chlorophyll helps oxygenate the blood and, therefore, detoxify our body. Likewise, chlorophyll helps the digestive system to disintegrate calcium oxalate stones in order to eliminate excess acid and is an effective anti-inflammatory.

Chlorophyll helps reduce high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides, as well as strengthens the immune system. However, it combats bad breath produced by tobacco, alcohol and other foods.

In order to enjoy all the benefits that chlorophyll provides, you must consume it, through the intake of vegetables such as: lettuce, spinach, chard, watercress, among others; green drinks what is known as green drinks oo, consume it as a supplement, in the form of liquid chlorophyll.