Meaning of Chronology

What is Chronology:

What chronology is called the auxiliary discipline of history that is responsible for determining the order and dates of historical events. The word comes from the Greek χρονολογία (chronology), which is made up of the roots χρόνος (chrónos), which means ‘time’, and λόγος (lógos), which translates as ‘study’ or ‘science’.

The need for the discipline of chronology for the study of history lies in the variety of dating systems that different civilizations and societies have developed throughout history. From there arises the need to establish a universal chronology that allows to locate in a time line the events and historical events for their study and understanding.

The two most important dating systems of our civilization have been the Julian calendarof Roman origin, and the Gregorian calendarvalid to this day, which is Christian.

Chronology, in this sense, is based on the principle that all events are related to each other, therefore, by ordering them, we can better understand their evolution.

A chronology also serves as a tool to recount events in an orderly manner, in the order in which the events occurred: “The article must be published accompanied by a chronology of the events.”

As chronology, on the other hand, it is also called the successive series of people or historical events that are ordered by date: “We are preparing a chronology of the life of James Joyce.”

Relative and absolute chronology

In archaeology, as relative chronology It is called the procedure by means of which the anteriority or posteriority of an object or culture in relation to another can be established. As such, it allows you to order the findings in sequence. For her part, the absolute chronology It is one that allows the exact date of manufacture or use of an object to be set according to a universal chronological system.

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