Meaning of Clergy

What is Clergy:

What clergy It is called the class made up of priests who are guided by Christian doctrine, according to the precepts of the Catholic Church. In this sense, clergy can also refer to clergymen considered as a whole. The word, as such, comes from the late Latin clergyand this from Byzantine Greek κλῆρος (kléros).

As such, under the name of clergy All persons who have been ordained in religious service are considered, such as priests and deacons. The existence of the clergy dates from the Middle Ageswhen the religious establishment enjoyed certain privileges equivalent to those of the feudal nobility.

The role of the clergy It is the practice of worship, which included the celebration of the liturgy, teaching and preaching, as well as the administration of the sacraments (baptism, confirmation, marriage, extreme unction, etc.)

regular and secular clergy

What regular clergy It is called one who is subject to the rules of a religious order, and consecrated to the service of the Catholic Church and to the study and preaching of Catholic doctrine. As such, the regular clergy are characterized by taking the vows of poverty, obedience, and chastity. Some religious orders that are part of the regular clergy are, for example, the Benedictines, the Franciscans or the Jesuits.

For his part, he secular clergy, that is, the one who lives in the world and not in the cloister, is the one whose clergy live among the people, get involved in the life of the communities, administer the sacraments and preach the word. As such, he is the part of the clergy whose hierarchical organization starts from the pope, up to the bishops, priests and deacons. The secular clergy is the one in charge of the administrative functions of the Catholic Church.

High clergy and low clergy

formerly, as high clergy It was called the one that was made up of archbishops, bishops, cardinals, abbots and canons who came from wealthy families and showed nobility of lineage. On the other hand, there was under clergy, made up of priests and deacons of humble origins. In this sense, the high clergy were the equivalent of the nobility in clerical society.

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