Meaning of Conduct

What is Conduct:

The behavior indicates the action of a subject or animal in the face of certain external or internal stimuli. In psychology, human behavior reflects everything we do, say and think and essentially indicates an action.

Behavior derives from the Latin word conduct.

Behavior is biologically based on reflex behavior that indicates the forms and methods for the execution of vital functions of each organism. From there, the behavior is shaped by the environment and by the internal processes of the stimuli until creating a certain type of behavior.

In a society, citizens are governed by codes or norms of conduct dictated by their culture, place or situation. The protocols or good education in different regions, for example, present the behaviors accepted in a certain social, economic and political environment.

In education, behavioral disorders refer to ways of acting that affect the psychological health of both the child and his peers. Behaviors can be assertive, passive, aggressive, open, closed, friendly or antisocial that will indicate, according to the school counselor, the most appropriate way to solve behavioral problems that affect learning and socio-affective well-being.

Types of conduct

The American psychologist Burrhus Frederic Skinner (1904-1990) refers to 2 basic types of behavior:

  • The behavior reaction: involuntary and reflex that responds to various stimuli, and
  • The operant behavior: everything we do that generate responses, therefore, observable.

In this way, overt behaviors or hidden behaviors can also be distinguished. In this sense, overt behavior is that which generates a visible response and hidden behavior refers to those considered “mental”, prior to Skinner’s operant behaviors.

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conduct and behavior

Conduct and behavior are commonly used synonymously. However, psychology differentiates these two terms, behavior being actions that have a personal motivation, are instantaneous and are motivated by elements such as values, beliefs and place of origin, for example.

In this sense, behavior is an emission of conduct. Human behavior is the action of an individual, for example, “John is lying.” When a behavior changes from sporadic to habitual, we speak of behavior, generally expressed by the verb to be, for example, “Juan is a liar”, which is equivalent to saying: “Juan behaves like a liar”.

conduct and behaviorism

Human behavior is studied by psychology and behaviorism is a psychological current whose object of study is the relationships that are formed between stimulus and response.

Behaviorism stipulates that human behaviors modify behavior, therefore learning derives from a change in behavior through attention, information encoding, motor reproduction and motivation.