Meaning of Contamination

What is contamination:

pollution is the presence or accumulation of substances in the environment that negatively affect the environment and living conditions, as well as the health or hygiene of living beings. With this meaning, the concept of environmental pollution is also often used.

As pollution it is also called a alteration in a substance or a productsuch as a food or a sample. For example: “Sample contamination forced scientists to collect new samples.

Pollution also means contagion or transmission of a disease. For example: “I have infected you with my virus.”

This word comes from the Latin contaminated, contaminationiswhich is derived from the verb I will contaminatewhich means ‘to corrupt, soil or alter by contact’.

See also:

  • Environmental crisis.
  • 11 types of pollution.

Types of pollution

There are different types of contamination depending on the area in which the alterations of the normal conditions for life occur.

Water contamination

Water pollution is a modification or alteration of water that has negative consequences on the environment and on living beings. The concept of water pollution is also used. The human being is the main person responsible for water pollution, especially through the discharge of wastewater, which has not been treated and which comes from activities such as industry, livestock and agriculture, in said environment. Three types of water pollutants can be distinguished: physical, chemical and biological.

Air pollution

Air pollution is the existence of solid, liquid particles and gases that are harmful to living beings and the environment. Similar terms such as air pollution are sometimes used. Air pollution can cause serious health problems through the inhalation of toxic substances. It can come from natural sources, such as the eruption of a volcano, or from human action. Some of these air pollutants are carbon monoxide, ozone, and methane. Smog, a kind of fog formed by a mixture of smoke and suspended particles, is evidence of air pollution in industrial cities.

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soil contamination

Soil contamination is the presence of substances that negatively affect the characteristics and properties of the soil and that cause physical, chemical and biological imbalances that negatively affect living beings and the environment. The soil can be contaminated by the influence of air or water, which introduce polluting agents, but also by accumulating or releasing harmful substances such as fertilizers. Some considerable consequences of soil contamination are increased erosion and decreased soil fertility.

Visual contamination

Visual contamination is the modification of an environment produced by the existence of one or several elements, whose presence prevents or impairs visibility or negatively affects the aesthetics of a place. Visual pollution can have harmful consequences for health, such as stress. Some examples of visual pollution are the accumulation of billboards on roads or urban spaces, or the construction of buildings in protected areas.

See also: Visual pollution.

noise pollution

Acoustic or sound pollution is known as that which is produced as a consequence of the alterations caused by excess sound in normal environmental conditions. Noise pollution can be caused by a multitude of human activities, such as those associated with industry, construction, commerce, entertainment, traffic or aircraft. Excessive or annoying noise can be detrimental to people’s hearing, physical and mental health, as well as to their quality of life in general, and therefore must be controlled.