Meaning of Corruption

What is Corruption:

Corruption is the action and effect of corrupting, that is, it is the process of deliberately breaking the order of the system, both ethically and functionally, for personal benefit. In addition to the corrupt committing an illegal action, they also pressure or force others to commit such acts.

The word corruption comes from the Latin corruptwhich is formed from the words with, which means ‘together’, will breakwhich means ‘break’ and the suffix -iowhich means action and effect.

Corruption is usually related in the popular imagination to the world of politics and illicit enrichment, that is, with money, but not only with that. Corruption applies to many instances. Therefore, there is political corruption, economic corruption, sexual corruption, etc. This is because the two great exchange factors that mobilize corruption are usually money, power and sex.

In one way or another, corruption is usually framed in power relations between subjects, whether on a micro or macro scale, whether private or public.

Power relations are not limited to the world of politics. All social spheres where there are hierarchies and/or resources, such as businesses, companies, public entities, educational centers or religious meeting centers, can be the occasion for acts of corruption.

This means that there can be corruption both at the level of big politics, and in the small primary school, as long as there is someone who controls the power situation or who pretends to control it.

See also: Antivalues ​​and Lobby.

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Forms or types of corruption

In each country, the law clearly typifies the forms of corruption and establishes specific penalties for each one according to the degree. Even so, there may be other forms of corruption that are not contemplated in it, but that are considered forms of corruption according to the ethical system of a certain worldview.

Among the forms of corruption defined in legal documents normally, we have:

  • Bribery: offer money in exchange for some benefit, such as avoiding a fine, getting a grade on an exam, getting a tender, etc.
  • Diversion of resources: It consists of diverting part of the resources destined for a project of common interest to personal purposes.
  • Illicit or concealed enrichment: sudden enrichment through the subtraction of other people’s resources, especially public ones.
  • Abuse of power: take advantage of the eventual situation of power offered by a role to obtain a benefit from someone.
  • Feature abuse: take advantage of one’s position and authority to commit abusive acts.
  • Influence peddling: make use of personal relationships, close or otherwise, to obtain benefits.
  • Collusion: make a pact with a third party to take advantage of a certain situation.
  • Conspiracy to commit crimes of corruption: It refers to a meeting of accomplices for the planning and organization of corruption crimes.
  • Obstruction of Justice: oppose the due process of investigation of the justice entities to protect oneself or others.
  • Nepotism: Appointment of relatives in political positions.
  • Illegal use of confidential or false information: manipulation of information for personal gain.

Other forms of corruption can be:

  • Buy pirate merchandise;
  • Steal public services;
  • Using the savings account or severance pay in matters other than those stipulated;
  • Evade taxes, etc.
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