Meaning of Demographics

What is Demographics:

The Demography It is a social science that studies the volume, growth and characteristics of a group of human population in a given period of time or its evolution. It comes from the Greek δήμος (dēm(o), ‘town’, ‘population’) and γραφία (graphíā ‘line’, ‘description’, ‘study’, ‘written’) and could be translated as ‘study of the population’.

These are statistical studies related, for example, to birth, mortality and migration. Official organizations are in charge of collecting this type of data and instruments such as surveys and registers are used.

See also:

  • Population growth.
  • Birth rate.

Demographics of Mexico

The National Institute of Statistics and Geography of Mexico is in charge of preparing the demographic censuses. It is estimated that at present, the population of Mexico exceeds 112,337,000 inhabitants. The population density is around 57 inhabitants per square kilometer. The birth rate is approximately 18.3%, with the fertility rate being 2.7. In total, it is estimated that the growth rate reaches 1.8%. In terms of geographic distribution, approximately half of the population lives in metropolitan areas.

National, State, and Local Demographics

The national demographics It is the study of the population of a country or nation in which statistical data of its inhabitants are used. The state demographics involves the study of human population groups within a given state. Lastly, the framework for action of the local demographics It is focused on certain regions, counties, provinces or towns.

static demographics

The static demographics is in charge of the study of human populations in a certain time in relation to its dimension (number of people in a certain space), the territory (the space or place of residence, such as national, state or local) and the structure (the classification of the population based on certain variables such as age, sex, place of birth, marital status or educational level).

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dynamic demographics

Dynamic Demographics It is in charge of the evolutionary study of human populations over time and the factors that cause it to change its dimension, its geographical distribution and its structure. It treats, therefore, a series of indicators such as the birth rate, the mortality rate, fertilization or migration (emigration and immigration).