Meaning of Dialectic

What is Dialectic:

It is known as dialectic technique that tries to discover the truth by confronting opposing arguments with each other. The word dialectic originates from the Greek dialektiké.

Dialectic is the art of persuading, debating and reasoning different ideas.

In a speech, the dialectic consists of presenting a main idea or concept, called thesis, to which different arguments and ideas, known as antithesis, are opposed. Now, to solve this opposition of ideas, the synthesis arises, which is presented as a new way of understanding the subject.

Dialectics is also known as a way of philosophizing. His concept was debated for years by various philosophers such as Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Hegel, Marx and others. However, Plato was the pioneer of dialectics by using it in his dialogues as a method to arrive at the truth.

However, dialectics can also be seen in a pejorative sense, due to the exaggerated use of subtleties.

On the other hand, the term dialectical is used as an adjective to identify the individual who professes the dialectic.

dialectics in philosophy

Dialectics, as a philosophical system, deals with reason and its laws, forms and modes of expression.

As was said before, Plato was the first to use and point to dialectics as a technique and method to answer something, since through it the truth can be reached.

For his part, Hegel takes dialectics as a constant and continuous process to arrive at the truth, starting from a first postulate (thesis), which will later be refuted (antithesis), to arrive at a new idea or result (synthesis), which will lead again to a thesis and so on, always with the aim of seeking an accurate answer to the topic under discussion.

See also: Thesis, antithesis and synthesis.

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For Aristotle, dialectics is a rational process, related to logic, which is developed by the individual as part of the skills necessary to make arguments.

In this sense, Kant supported the theory of Aristotle, who considered dialectics as a logic of appearances, based on subjective principles.

dialectical materialism

Dialectical materialism is the result of the agreements between the philosophical currents proposed by Friedrich Engels (1820-1895) and Karl Marx (1818-1883), in which matter is defined as the essence of reality, concrete or abstract, which is independent of the consciousness that arises afterwards.

On the other hand, dialectical materialism bases the theories of communism, and as a philosophical science it is opposed to the philosophical idealism proposed by Hegel.

eristic dialectics

In the first place, the term eristics should be clarified for a better understanding of the subject. What eristic is understood to types of argumentation that are used to successfully end a discussion or debate.

For the philosopher Schopenhauer, truth is reached through logic, but eristics leaves objective truth aside, its aspect being more relevant, since the only important thing is to achieve victory regardless of whether the foundations are true or not. false.

Eristic dialectics is an expression that describes Schopenhauer’s unfinished work, published in 1831 by his friend, the philosopher Julius Frauenstädt, known as The art of being right either How to win a debate without being rightin which he points out 38 strategies to win an argument regardless of being right or wrong.

dialectical logic

Dialectical logic was proposed by Hegel, however, part of its approaches had already been made by Aristotle and Heraclitus.

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Dialectical logic focuses its attention on the development of ideas and in the intelligence with which one responds to the contradiction of dialectics. Therefore, a mediation between pure logic and the dialectical analysis of contradictions results.