Meaning of Disease

What is Disease:

Disease It comes from the Latin infirmitas what does it mean “Lack of firmness”, is the more or less serious change in the health of a living being. This alteration or condition of the health of an individual can be of physical, mental or social typethat is, a person can be sick if they have suffered some loss of health in the physical (body), mental (in the psyche or brain) and/or social (by society) spheres.

World Health Organization (WHO) definition of disease

Disease It is the “Alteration or deviation of the physiological state in one or several parts of the body, for generally known causes, manifested by characteristic symptoms and signs, and whose evolution is more or less predictable.”

The health of a person can be affected by internal or external factors, these factors are called noxas, which comes from the Greek nósos, which means disease or health condition. The Health is defined by the 1946 Constitution of the World Health Organization as “the state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of infirmity or disease.”

Most diseases usually appear or reveal themselves with some symptoms, that is, with expressions of the body, mind or attitude of a person that are not “normal”.

See also Syndrome.

Chronic diseases

The chronic diseases They are non-contagious diseases, with slow and persistent evolution in the patient’s body. The usual chronic diseases are: Cardiovascular problems, Cancer, Diabetes, Asthma, Arthritis.

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acute disease

The acute diseases they consist of a period of duration in the life of the patient. Acute diseases can be; banal such as: the common cold, flu and, serious such as: acute myocardial infarction, purpura fulminans.

Professional illness

The occupational diseases They are the deterioration of the worker’s health produced by the work environment. In Spain and Mexico there are laws that deal legally with the occupational diseasesthe fundamental thing is that the disease suffered by the worker is contained in the table of occupational diseases that each country possesses and, after demonstrating on the part of the worker the causal link of the disease and that it was acquired by the fulfillment of his labor functions, once the above has been fulfilled, the worker enjoys medical assistance and compensation or payment by the of the company where he provided his services.

Mental illness

The mental diseases they are physical, emotional and/or cognitive disorders. The causes of the mental diseases are multiple and are sometimes unknown, however, it has been shown that factors such as drug use, environmental factors, brain injuries, among others, may be the cause of mental diseases. The mental diseases they can be cured or controlled with medical treatment and professional help; psychologists, psychiatrists, as well as family support and their social environment.