Meaning of Distribution of Wealth

What is Wealth Distribution:

Wealth distribution or income distribution is understood as the manner and proportion in which economic wealth is distributed among the different social strata or sectors of a given country or societywhich results from the set of productive activities that are developed.

Meanwhile he GDP measures the money that enters a society from its productive activity, the distribution of wealth measures how it is distributed. This type of analysis makes it possible to assess whether or not there is economic inequality and what its characteristics are.

It is a fundamental term in studies of macroeconomics, since the distribution of wealth functions as an indicator of social inequality.

Indeed, the distribution of wealth is rarely proportional to the level of effort or productivity of the sectors evaluated. Hence, it is necessary to study the ways in which income is distributed.

This term is usually invoked in various social analyzes to highlight the inequalities that need to be addressed. For this reason, it is widely used in approaches such as Marxist studies, although not exclusively.

The distribution of wealth is determined by a set of variables of different kinds, at the macro or micro level, such as the way in which companies and even households manage their resources.

However, the State plays a fundamental role in guaranteeing a certain equity in the distribution of income, which has to do with State policies such as:

  • tax matter;
  • Laws on national or international investment;
  • Import or export laws;
  • Economic policy in general.
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In some studies, income distribution is evaluated based on variables such as geographic-spatial, taking into account the differences between subjects from different regions, or based on the analysis of productive sectors, such as services, industry or farming.

There are various systems for calculating the distribution of income or wealth, such as the Lorenz curve or the Gini index.

See also:

  • Macroeconomy.
  • GDP (Gross Domestic Product).
  • GDP per capita.