Meaning of Economic Geography

What is Economic Geography:

Economic geography is a social science that studies market conditions according to the geographical distribution of producers and consumers.

Economic geography has as its main objective the study of economic aspects in relation to the factors of the natural and social environment to define:

  • The hierarchy of spaces
  • spatial distribution
  • development over time
  • The description of the diversity of phenomena
  • The formation of phenomena
  • The evolution of phenomena

Economic geography is a branch of geography whose object of study is the physical space where economic activities are located. Spaces are divided into regions. Regions are territories that share similar human, physical, and biological characteristics that distinguish them from other territories.

See also Geography.

The importance of economic geography lies in the delivery of knowledge about the relationships, causes and effects between facts and social and physical phenomena that affect us as humanity.

Economic geography studies the following factors or aspects for the construction of general principles and theories that seek to explain the operation of the economic system in spaces:

  • regional geography
  • Organization of economic activity
  • town development
  • Territorial models
  • Political division
  • Natural resources
  • globalization

See also:

  • natural regions.
  • globalization.

Branches of economic geography

The branches of economic geography are as many as there are types of economic activities. The main ones are:

  • Agricultural geography: leads to tourism geography
  • The geography of fishing: drift to livestock geography
  • Industrial geography: leads to mining geography
  • The geography of transport: drift to forest geography
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