Meaning of Gland

What is Glandula:

glands a organ whose purpose is to elaborate and secrete substances for the functioning of the organism as well as they can be eliminated by the same organism.

In reference to the above, the glands that can carry their products to the body surface, such as the mammary glands, are called exocrine glandsat the same time, endocrine glands carry their secretions into the bloodstream, for example: thyroid, kidney, etc. and mixed glands They are those that produce products that can be secreted abroad as into the blood.

However, salivary glands and sweat glands are exocrine glands. salivary glands they produce the saliva that they pour into the oral cavity with the function of moistening food to help in the chewing process and start digestion and, sweat glands They are located in the reticular dermis or hypodermis with the function of lowering body temperature through the evaporation of sweat and releasing pheromones.

Similarly, glands can be divided as unicellular or multicellularthe first are individual cells distributed by non-secretory cells, for example: goblet cells, the second are formed by more than one cell, they differ between the arrangement of secretory cells and whether or not it has ramification of secretory conductors.

Likewise, gland is a cell or group of cells that store or secrete some type of substanceFor example, certain flowers have several nectar-producing glands.

The term gland is a diminutive of glans either glandis which means “acorn”.

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Sebaceous glands

The sebaceous glands are those that are located in the mid dermis and they are part of the structure of a hair in which they develop in the fourth month of pregnancy. The function of the sebaceous glands is to produce a greasy discharge known as “pilous sebum” which is responsible for lubricating and protecting the skin from external aggressions such as: microbes, dryness.

Kidney glands

adrenal glands They are 2 retroperitoneal structures, the left triangular in shape and the right semilunar, located above the kidneys. The function of the adrenal glands is to regulate metabolism and fluid balance, likewise, it secretes sex hormones, produces adrenaline and norepinephrine, the latter in order to adapt the body to stressful situations.

cowper’s glands

cowper’s glands either bulbourethral glands They are located on both sides of the urethra in the male. Cowper’s glands are responsible for lubricating and neutralizing the acidity of the urethra in order to prepare the passage of sperm.

Cowper’s glands are equivalent to the female Bartholin’s glands.