Meaning of Grammar

What is Grammar:

Grammar is the part of Linguistics that studies the set of rules and principles that governs a language. Grammar It comes from the Latin grammaticaand this in turn from the Greek γραμματική (grammatiqué), which derives from γράμμα (grámma), which means ‘letter’, ‘written’.

As such, one grammar Is divided into three parts. On the one hand, there is morphology, which deals with the analysis of the structure of words; on the other, syntax, which studies the ways in which these are linked in a sentence and the functions that they fulfill within it; and, finally, phonetics and phonology, which analyze speech sounds and their linguistic organization, respectively.

Grammar also can refer to the treatise or study on a languagewhich is also useful for their knowledge and teaching: “I am going to review all my grammars of English to clear the doubt”.

What grammar is also known the art of speaking and writing correctly a language: “What a good command of the grammar you have!”

generative grammar

The generative grammar It is a linguistic theory developed by Noam Chomsky which, based on the study of the syntax of languages, tries to explain how the human being manages to generate an infinite series of grammatically correct sentences starting from a finite set of rules and resources.

In this sense, the generative grammar It would be applicable to the study of any language, since it postulates that all languages ​​have basic operating mechanisms that are common to them, differing only in phonology and lexicon, as well as in specific aspects of syntax.

structural grammar

What structural grammar It is called the study of a language focused on the relationships established between all the elements of a language, as well as in all its levels of realization (written or spoken), which allow us to understand it as a great system. His forerunner was the linguist Ferdinand de Saussure.

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traditional grammar

What traditional grammar that one is designated set of ideas about the study of grammar inherited from the first Greek philosopherswho tried to define, classify and describe the rules and mechanisms that intervened in the functioning of languages.

This type of grammarsubordinated to the principles of logic, remained in force for centuries, since it was not until well into the 20th century that new ways of conceiving grammar emerged, such as structural grammar.

normative grammar

The normative or prescriptive grammar is the one that through precepts establishes the rules or correct uses of a language. As such, the normative grammar it is rather a pedagogical instrument that tries to postulate certain forms of use that are more advisable than others that are stigmatized.

See also:

  • Compound.
  • Types of norm.

music grammar

What music grammar is known the set of rules and principles that govern the functioning of musical language. As such, music is graphically represented by a series of signs whose combination results in a melody.

The staff, the musical notes, the keys, the alterations, the figures, the silences and the measures, as well as what is related to the expression (tempo, character and nuances), are part of the elements that make up the musical language. In this sense, the music grammar It allows interpreting, understanding and writing, at an auditory, mental and compositional level, a score.